Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Parenting sense of competence, as measured by the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSCS), is defined as one’s levels of satisfaction and self-efficacy experienced in the parenting role. Previous studies have identified significant associations among PSCS scores and a host of parenting characteristics predictive of child outcomes. Existing approaches to improving parenting sense of competence focus on developing parenting knowledge and skills; however, other modifiable contributing factors to parenting sense of competence may exist. We examined associations among fatigue, physical activity, and parenting sense of competence in a community sample of female primary caregivers of young children (N = 137) recruited from a university-based pediatric primary care clinic.
Participants completed measures of child disruptive behavior disorders, parent fatigue, and parent physical activity level. Parenting sense of competence was measured with the 16-item PSCS.
Participants’ mean age was 32 years (SD = 8 years), and most were non-Hispanic (87%) and White (70%). Multiple linear regression analyses revealed significant independent associations of fatigue (β = −0.19, p = 0.02) and physical activity level (β = 0.20 and β = 0.25, p < 0.05) with parenting sense of competence, controlling for child disruptive behaviors, child age, and socioeconomic status.
In this non-clinical sample of mothers of young children, the significant relationships among fatigue, physical activity level, and parenting sense of competence could suggest potential targets for preventive intervention.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.
Bardwell, W. A., Burke, S. C., Thomas, K. S., Carter, C., Weingart, K., & Dimsdale, J. E. (2006). Fatigue varies by social class in African Americans but not Caucasian Americans. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 13, 252. CrossRef
Bauman, A. E., Reis, R. S., Sallis, J. F., Wells, J. C., Loos, R. J., & Martin, B. W. (2012). Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not? The Lancet, 380, 258–271. CrossRef
Bayer, J. K., Hiscock, H., Hampton, A., & Wake, M. (2007). Sleep problems in young infants and maternal mental and physical health. Journal of Paediatric Child Health, 43, 66–73. CrossRef
Bogenschneider, K., Small, S. A., & Tsay, J. C. (1997). Child, parent, and contextual influences on perceived parenting competence among parents of adolescents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 59, 345–362. CrossRef
Braveman, P., & Gottlieb, L. (2014). The social determinants of health: It’s time to consider the causes of the causes. Public Health Reports, 129(Suppl 2), 19–31. CrossRef
Chorpita, B. F., & Daleiden, E. L. (2009). Mapping evidence-based treatments for children and adolescents: application of the distillation and matching model to 615 treatments from 322 randomized trials. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 566–579. CrossRef
Coleman, P. K., & Karraker, K. H. (1998). Self-efficacy and parenting quality: findings and future applications. Developmental Review, 18, 47–85. CrossRef
Cooklin, A. R., Giallo, R., & Rose, N. (2012). Parental fatigue and parenting practices during early childhood: an Australian community survey. Child Care Health and Development, 38, 654–664. CrossRef
Cooney, G., Dwan, K., & Mead, G. (2014). Exercise for depression. Journal of the American Medical Association, 311, 2432–2433. CrossRef
Crowley, M. J., & Kazdin, A. E. (1998). Child psychosocial functioning and parent quality of life among clinically referred children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 7, 233–251. CrossRef
DeGarmo, D. S., Patterson, G. R., & Forgatch, M. S. (2004). How do outcomes in a specified parent training intervention maintain or wane over time? Prevention Science, 5, 73–89. CrossRef
Dekovic, M., Asscher, J. J., Hermanns, J. M. A., Reitz, E., Prinzie, P., & van den Akker, A. L. (2010). Tracing changes in families who participated in home-Start parenting program: parental competence as mechanism of change. Prevention Science, 11, 263–274. CrossRef
Dishion, T. J., & Patterson, G. R. (2006). The development and ecology of antisocial behavior. In D. Cicchetti & D.J. Cohen (Eds), Developmental psychopathology: Vol 3 Risk, disorder, and adaptation (pp. 503–541). New York, NY: Wiley.
Dube, S. R., Felitti, V. J., Dong, M., Chapman, D. P., Giles, W. H., & Anda, R. F. (2003). Childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction and the risk of illicit drug use: the adverse childhood experiences study. Pediatrics, 111, 564–572. CrossRef
Elam, K. K., Chassin, L., Eisenberg, N., & Spinrad, T. L. (2017). Marital stress and children’s externalizing behavior as predictors of mothers’ and fathers’ parenting. Developmental Psychopathology, 29, 1305–1318. CrossRef
Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., & Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults. The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14, 245–258. CrossRef
Fixsen, D., Blase, K., Metz, A., & Dyke, M. V. (2013). Statewide implementation of evidence-based programs. Exceptional Children, 79, 213–230.
Furlong, M., McGilloway, S., Bywater, T., Hutchings, J., Smith, S. M., & Donnelly, M. (2012). Behavioural and cognitive-behavioural group-based parenting programmes for early-onset conduct problems in children aged 3 to 12 years. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Art. no.: CD008225.
Gadow, K. D., & Nolan, E. E. (2002). Differences between preschool children with ODD, ADHD, and ODD + ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 191–201. CrossRef
Gadow, K. D., Sprafkin, E. E., & Nolan, E. E. (2001). DSM-IV symptoms in community and clinic preschool children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1383–1392. CrossRef
Gilmore, L., & Cuskelly, M. (2009). Factor structure of the parenting sense of competence scale using a normative sample. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35, 48–55.
Godin, G., & Shephard, R. J. (1985). A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, 10, 141–146.
Gondoli, D. M., & Silverberg, S. B. (1997). Maternal emotional distress and diminished responsiveness: the mediating role of parenting efficacy and parental perspective taking. Developmental Psychology, 33, 861–868. CrossRef
Hashima, P. Y., & Amato, P. R. (1994). Poverty, social support, and parental behavior. Child Development, 65, 394–403. CrossRef
Hogan, C. L., Mata, J., & Carstensen, L. L. (2013). Exercise holds immediate benefits for affect and cognition in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 28, 587–594. CrossRef
Howlett, N., Trivedi, D., Troops, N. A., & Chater, A. M. (2019). Are physical activity interventions for healthy inactive adults effective in promoting behavior change and maintenance, and which behavior change techniques are effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 9, 147–157. CrossRef
Jacobs, D. R., Ainsworth, B. E., Hartman, T. J., & Leon, A. S. (1993). A simultaneous evaluation of 10 commonly used physical activity questionnaires. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 25, 81–91. CrossRef
Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18, 167–175. CrossRef
Jones, T. L., & Prinz, R. J. (2005). Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: a review. Clinical Psychology Review, 25, 341–363. CrossRef
Kaminski, J. W., Valle, L. A., Filene, J. H., & Boyle, C. L. (2008). A meta-analytic review of components associated with parent training program effectiveness. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 567–589. CrossRef
Kataoka, S. H., Zhang, L., & Wells, K. B. (2002). Unmet need for mental health care among U.S. children: variation by ethnicity and insurance status. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1548–1555. CrossRef
Koerting, J., Smith, E., Knowles, M. M., Latter, S., Elsey, H., McCann, D. C., & Sonuga-Barke, E. J. (2013). Barriers to, and facilitators of, parenting programmes for childhood behaviour problems: a qualitative synthesis of studies of parents’ and professionals’ perceptions. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 22, 653–670. CrossRef
Kowal, J., & Fortier, M. S. (2007). Physical activity behavior change in middle-aged and older women: the role of barriers and of environmental characteristics. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 30, 233–242. CrossRef
Lee, K. A., Hicks, G., & Nino-Murcia, G. (1991). Validity and reliability of a scale to assess fatigue. Psychiatry Research, 36, 291–298. CrossRef
Linke, S. E., & Ussher, M. (2015). Exercise-based treatments for substance use disorders: evidence, theory, and practicality. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 41, 7–15. CrossRef
Lovejoy, M. C., Verda, M. R., & Hays, C. E. (1997). Convergent and discriminant validity of measures of parenting efficacy and control. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26, 366–376. CrossRef
McQueen, A., & Mander, R. (2003). Tiredness and fatigue in the postnatal period. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42, 463–469. CrossRef
Mendez, J. L., Carpenter, J. L., LaForett, D. R., & Cohen, J. S. (2009). Parental engagement and barriers to participation in a community-based preventive intervention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 44, 1–14. CrossRef
Mytton, J., Ingram, J., Manns, S., & Thomas, J. (2014). Facilitators and barriers to engagement in parenting programs: a qualitative systematic review. Health Education and Behavior, 41, 127–137. CrossRef
O’Connor, P. J., & Puetz, T. W. (2005). Chronic physical activity and feelings of energy and fatigue. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 37, 299–305. CrossRef
Ohan, J. L., Leung, D. W., & Johnston, C. (2000). The parenting sense of competence scale: evidence of a stable factor structure and validity. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 32, 251–261. CrossRef
Patterson, G. R., DeGarmo, D., & Forgatch, M. S. (2004). Systematic changes in families following prevention trials. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 621–633. CrossRef
Patterson, G. R., & Yorger, K. A. (2002). A developmental model for early- and late-onset antisocial behavior. In J. B. Reid, J. Snyder & G. R. Patterson (Eds), Antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: a developmental analysis and model for intervention (pp. 147–172). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Perou, R., Bitsko, R. H., Blumberg, S. J., Pastor, P., Ghandour, R. M., & Gfroerer, J. C., Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Mental health surveillance among children-United States, 2005–2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports Supplements, 62(2), 1–35.
Propper, C., & Moore, G. A. (2006). The influence of parenting on infant emotionality: a multi-level psychobiological perspective. Developmental Review, 26, 427–460. CrossRef
Puetz, T. W. (2006). Physical activity and feelings of energy and fatigue: epidemiological evidence. Sports Medicine, 36, 767–780. CrossRef
Puetz, T. W., Flowers, S. S., & O’Connor, P. J. (2008). A randomized controlled trial of the effect of aerobic exercise training on feelings of energy and fatigue in sedentary young adults with persistent fatigue. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 77, 167–174. CrossRef
Rogers, H., & Matthews, J. (2004). The parenting sense of competence scale: investigation of the factor structure, reliability, and validity for an Australian sample. Australian Psychologist, 39, 88–96. CrossRef
Roubinov, D. S., & Boyce, W. T. (2017). Parenting and SES: relative values or enduring principles? Current Opinion in Psychology, 15, 162–167. CrossRef
Shumow, L., & Lomax, R. (2002). Parental self-efficacy: predictor of parenting behavior and adolescent outcomes. Parenting, Science and Practice, 2, 127–150. CrossRef
Sprafkin, J., Volpe, R. J., Gadow, K. D., Nolan, E. E., & Kelly, K. (2002). A DSM-IV-referenced screening instrument for preschool children: the early childhood inventory-4. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 604–612. CrossRef
Stalsberg, R., & Pedersen, A. V. (2018). Are differences in physical activity across socioeconomic groups associated with choice of physical activity variables to report? International Journal of Environmental Research in Public Health, 15, 922 CrossRef
Stewart, D., Abbey, S., Meana, M., & Boydell, K. M. (1998). What makes women tired? A community sample. Journal of Women’s Health, 7, 69–76. CrossRef
Stormshak, E. A., Bierman, K. L., McMahon, R. J., & Lengua, L. J. (2000). Parenting practices and child disruptive behavior problems in early elementary school. Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 17–29. CrossRef
Stringhini, S., Sabia, S., Shipley, M., Brunner, E., Nabi, H., Kivimaki, M., & Singh-Manoux, A. (2010). Association of socioeconomic position with health behaviors and mortality. Journal of the American Medical Association, 303, 1159–1166. CrossRef
Torres-Harding, S. R., Jason, L. A., & Taylor, R. R. (2002). Fatigue severity, attributions, medical utilization, and symptoms in persons with chronic fatigue. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 25, 99–113. CrossRef
van Eldik, W. M., Prinzie, P., Deković, M., & de Haan, A. D. (2017). Longitudinal associations between marital stress and externalizing behavior: does parental sense of competence mediate processes? Journal of Family Psychology, 31, 420–430. CrossRef
Webster-Stratton, C., Reid, M. J., & Hammond, M. (2004). Treating children with early-onset conduct problems: intervention outcomes for parent, child, and teacher training. Journal of Clinical Child Adolescent Psychology, 33, 105–124. CrossRef
Webster-Stratton, C., Rinaldi, J., & Jamila, M. R. (2011). Long-term outcomes of incredible years parenting program: predictors of adolescent adjustment. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 16, 38–46. CrossRef
Werner, E. E. (1992). The children of Kauai: resiliency and recovery in adolescence and adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 13, 262–268. CrossRef
Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Webb, H. J., Thomas, R., & Klag, S. (2015). A new measure of toddler parenting practices and associations with attachment and mothers’ sensitivity, competence, and enjoyment of parenting. Early Child Development and Care, 185, 1422–1436. CrossRef
- Fatigue and Physical Activity: Potential Modifiable Contributors to Parenting Sense of Competence
Christina R. Studts
Meagan R. Pilar
Julie A. Jacobs
Brigid K. Fitzgerald
- Springer US