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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 5/2022

04-01-2022 | Original Paper

Family Functioning and Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Mindfulness

Auteurs: Nicole Kathleen Watkins, Caroline Salafia, Christine McCauley Ohannessian

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 5/2022

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Abstract

Anxiety disorders are one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders among adolescents and can be associated with long-term adverse outcomes if untreated. Our study examined the association between family functioning and symptoms of five anxiety disorders and the potential moderating role of trait mindfulness among adolescent boys and girls. The sample included 1333 adolescents ages 11–15 (Mage = 12.24; SD = 0.69; 51% girls; 52% non-Hispanic White) from the Northeast United States who completed a survey in the fall of 2016 and again in the spring of 2017. Multi-group path analyses were conducted to examine the association separately by gender. For boys, high mindfulness buffered the effect of low family support and high family conflict on the panic disorder (PD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety (SEP), and severe school avoidance (SSA). For girls, a cumulative effect of high mindfulness and high family support reduced symptoms for PD and SSA, whereas high mindfulness buffered the effect of low family cohesion on GAD and social anxiety disorder (SAD). Our findings highlight the importance of family functioning on anxiety disorders in adolescents and suggest trait mindfulness may serve as a potential buffer for anxiety in adolescent boys. Implications for these gender differences, potential benefits of socio-emotional learning instruction for adolescents, and future directions are explored.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Family Functioning and Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Mindfulness
Auteurs
Nicole Kathleen Watkins
Caroline Salafia
Christine McCauley Ohannessian
Publicatiedatum
04-01-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 5/2022
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02219-4

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