Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Children’s drawings have previously been found to reflect their representations of family relationships. The present study examined whether evidence-based parent training for child conduct problems impacts on representations of family functioning using the Family Drawing Paradigm (FDP). N = 53 clinic-referred children (aged 3–15) with conduct problems and their families were assessed pre-treatment and at 6-month follow-up on a modified version of the FDP. Analyses of changes in the FDP revealed improvements in family functioning but not tone of language (as indicated by written descriptors) following treatment. Higher family dysfunction scores were associated with increased levels of callous-unemotional (CU) traits in the children pre-treatment. Children with high levels of CU, however, demonstrated greater change in FDP dysfunction than a low CU group, resulting in similar levels at follow-up. CU traits also moderated the association between change in family warmth and conduct problem severity, with increased FDP warmth more strongly related to improved conduct problems in the high vs. the low CU group. FDP drawings are sensitive to changes in family functioning arising from parent training, accounting for unique variance in child outcomes independent of verbal reports.
Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the depression anxiety stress scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10(2), 176 doi: 10.1037/1040-35220.127.116.11. CrossRef
American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington (DC): American Psychiatric Association.
Beauchaine, T. P., Webster-Stratton, C., & Reid, M. J. (2005). Mediators, moderators, and predictors of 1-year outcomes among children treated for early-onset conduct problems: A latent growth curve analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 371 doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.371. CrossRefPubMed
Dadds, M. R., Allen, J. L., McGregor, K., Woolgar, M., Viding, E., & Scott, S. (2014). Callous‐unemotional traits in children and mechanisms of impaired eye contact during expressions of love: A treatment target? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55(7), 771–780. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12155. CrossRefPubMed
Dadds, M. R., & Hawes, D. J. (2006). Integrated family intervention for child conduct problems. Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Academic Press.
Dadds, M. R., Hawes, D. J., Frost, A. D., Vassallo, S., Bunn, P., Hunter, K., & Merz, S. (2009). Learning to ‘talk the talk’: the relationship of psychopathic traits to deficits in empathy across childhood. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 50(5), 599–606.
Fergusson, D. M., John Horwood, L., & Ridder, E. M. (2005). Show me the child at seven: The consequences of conduct problems in childhood for psychosocial functioning in adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(8), 837–849. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00387.x. CrossRefPubMed
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). Antisocial process screening device: APSD. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Gardner, F., Burton, J., & Klimes, I. (2006). Randomised controlled trial of a parenting intervention in the voluntary sector for reducing child conduct problems: outcomes and mechanisms of change. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(11), 1123–1132. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006.01668.x. CrossRefPubMed
Hawes, D. J., & Allen, J. L. (2016). Evidence-based parenting interventions: Current perspectives and clinical strategies. In M. Hodes & S. Gau (Eds.), Positive mental health, fighting stigma, and promoting resiliency for children and adolescents (pp. 185–204). London: Academic Press, Elsevier. CrossRef
Holland, D., & Dadds, M. (1997). The diagnostic interview schedule for children, adolescents, and parents. Brisbane, Queensland: Griffith University.
Hu, M., & Liu, B. (2004). Mining and summarizing customer reviews. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the tenth ACM SIGKDD international conference on knowledge discovery and data mining, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.
Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1986). Instructions for the classification of children’s family drawings in terms of representation of attachment. Berkeley, CA: University of California.
Liu, B., Hu, M., & Cheng, J. (2005). Opinion observer: analyzing and comparing opinions on the web. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 14th international conference on World Wide Web, Chiba, Japan.
Pasalich, D. S., Dadds, M. R., Hawes, D. J., & Brennan, J. (2011). Do callous‐unemotional traits moderate the relative importance of parental coercion versus warmth in child conduct problems? An observational study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(12), 1308–1315. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02435.x. CrossRefPubMed
Roe, A., Bridges, L., Dunn, J., & O’Connor, T. G. (2006). Young children’s representations of their families: A longitudinal follow-up study of family drawings by children living in different family settings. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30(6), 529–536. doi: 10.1177/0165025406072898. CrossRef
Wahlberg, K.-E., Wynne, L. C., Hakko, H., Läksy, K., Moring, J., Miettunen, J., & Tienari, P. (2004). Interaction of genetic risk and adoptive parent communication deviance: Longitudinal prediction of adoptee psychiatric disorders. Psychological Medicine, 34(8), 1531–1541. doi: 10.1017/S0033291704002661. CrossRefPubMed
Webster-Stratton, C., Hollinsworth, T., & Kolpacoff, M. (1989). The long-term effectiveness and clinical significance of three cost-effective training programs for families with conduct-problem children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57(4), 550. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.57.4.550. CrossRefPubMed
Zvara, B., Mills-Koonce, W. R., Garrett-Peters, P., Wagner, N., Vernon-Feagans, L., & Cox, M. (2014). The mediating role of parenting in the associations between household chaos and children’s representations of family dysfunction. Attachment & Human Development, 16(6), 633–655. doi: 10.1080/14616734.2014.966124. CrossRef
- Family Drawings before and after Treatment for Child Conduct Problems: Fluidity of Family Dysfunction
- Springer US