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09-11-2016 | Original Paper | Uitgave 2/2017

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2017

Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Behaviors in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Findings from Two Large National Samples

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 2/2017
G. N. Soke, S. A. Rosenberg, R. F. Hamman, T. Fingerlin, C. R. Rosenberg, L. Carpenter, L. C. Lee, E. Giarelli, L. D. Wiggins, M. S. Durkin, A. Reynolds, C. DiGuiseppi
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Electronic Supplementary Material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10803-016-2951-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of Autism Speaks, Inc.


In this study, we explored potential associations among self-injurious behaviors (SIB) and a diverse group of protective and risk factors in children with autism spectrum disorder from two databases: Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network and the Autism Speaks-Autism Treatment Network (AS-ATN). The presence of SIB was determined from children’s records in ADDM and a parent questionnaire in AS-ATN. We used multiple imputation to account for missing data and a non-linear mixed model with site as a random effect to test for associations. Despite differences between the two databases, similar associations were found; SIB were associated with developmental, behavioral, and somatic factors. Implications of these findings are discussed in relation to possible etiology, future longitudinal studies, and clinical practice.

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 29 KB)
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