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19-05-2020 | Uitgave 10/2020

Quality of Life Research 10/2020

Factors associated with poor-to-moderate quality of life among pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 10/2020
Auteurs:
Kai Wei Lee, Siew Mooi Ching, Fan Kee Hoo, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Seng Choi Chong, Maiza Tusimin, Faith En Ang, Noraihan Mohd Nordin, Navin Kumar Devaraj
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Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to identify factors associated with poor-to-moderate quality of life (QOL) among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in two tertiary hospitals in Malaysia.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted among 526 pregnant women with GDM in two tertiary hospitals in Malaysia. Diabetes-related QOL was assessed using the Asian Diabetes Quality of Life Scale (AsianDQoL). Socio-demographic characteristics, glucose monitoring treatments for GDM, past obstetric history, concurrent medical problems and a family history of diseases were captured from patient records. A multiple logistic regression was used for analysis.

Results

A total of 526 respondents with GDM entered the analysis. The median age of the respondents was 32 (interquartile range = 7) while 82.3% were Malay women. More than half of the respondents (69.5%) received an oral hypoglycaemic agent (OHA), and/or diet modification in controlling their GDM. The study reported that 23.2% of the respondents had poor-to-moderate QOL. Those with a family history of depression and/or anxiety (adjusted Odds ratio [AOR] 6.934, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.280–21.081), and a family history of GDM (AOR 1.814, 95% CI 1.185–2.778) were at higher odds of suffering from poor-to-moderate QOL compared to those without a family history. Similarly, those who received insulin, with or without OHA, and/or are on diet modification (AOR 1.955, 95% CI 1.243–3.074) were at higher odds of suffering from poor-to-moderate QOL compared to those receiving OHA and/or diet modification.

Conclusion

Nearly one-quarter of Malaysian women with GDM have poor-to-moderate QOL. GDM women with a family history of depression and/or anxiety, family history of GDM, and those who received insulin, with or without OHA, and/or are on diet modification were associated with poor-to-moderate QOL.
Trial registration: NMRR-17-2264-37814.

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