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01-03-2015 | Uitgave 3/2015 Open Access

Quality of Life Research 3/2015

Factors affecting institutionalized older peoples’ self-perceived dry mouth

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 3/2015
Ying-Chia Huang, Chiao-Lee Chu, Ching-Sung Ho, Shou-Jen Lan, Wen-Yi Chen, Yia-Wung Liang, Yen-Ping Hsieh



The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting institutionalized older peoples’ self-perceived dry mouth.


This cross-sectional study was conducted on elderly residents at 22 long-term care facilities. A total of 165 questionnaires were returned from 13 senior citizen welfare institutions (SCWIs) and nine nursing homes. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the data obtained.


The results showed that the type of long-term care (LTC) facility, regular oral examinations, wearing dentures, and the ability to chew sticky foods affected self-perceived dry mouth. This study determined an association between the type of LTC facility where the participants lived and self-perceived dry mouth.


The results indicated the importance of providing oral care in order to improve and prevent dry mouth among institutionalized older people living in SCWIs who do not undergo regular oral examinations, wear dentures, and have difficulty chewing sticky foods.

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