Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The aims of this study were to evaluate the reliability, validity and factorial structure of Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale, Version IV (FACES IV), investigate the relevance of sex and age on family functioning and study the relationship between family functioning and adolescents’ perception of parent and peer attachment. The sample consisted of 1,416 participants (672 women, 744 men, Mage = 17.38 years; age range = 13–22 years) divided into three age groups: 13–15, 16–18, and 19–22 years. Factor analysis confirmed the dimensions formulated to define the construct of family functioning: all the items of each dimension were loaded in the same factor with a correlation of at least 0.30. Groups differed with regard to the age on Cohesion, Enmeshed and Rigid scales: Younger adolescents (age 13–15 years) showed significantly higher scores than adolescents (age 16–18 and 19–22). Sex differences revealed that females had a higher mean score on Cohesion and Flexibility, whereas males had a higher mean score on Disengaged, Enmeshed and Chaotic. Correlations between FACES IV and Parent and Peer Attachment Scale demonstrated the convergent validity of the FACES IV. Data confirmed the validity of FACES IV’s Italian version and suggested that the Circumplex Model has a cross-cultural applicability and it could be a useful instrument in the Italian context.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationships to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427–454. CrossRef
Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., Barbarelli, C., Regalia, C., & Scabini, E. (2011). Impact of family efficacy beliefs on quality of family functioning and satisfaction with family life. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 60, 421–448. CrossRef
Baptista, J. A., Thompsona, D. E., Nortona, A. M., Hardya, N. R., & Linka, C. D. (2012). The effects of the intergenerational transmission of family emotional processes on conflict styles: The moderating role of attachment. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 40, 56–73. CrossRef
Barnes, H., & Olson, D. (1985). Parent adolescent communication and the Circumplex model. Child Development, 56, 438–447. CrossRef
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base. London: Routledge.
Butler, S., Fearon, P., Atkinson, L., & Parker, K. (2007). Testing an interactive model of symptom severity in conduct disordered youth: Family relationships, antisocial cognitions and social contextual risk. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(6), 721–738. CrossRef
Fisher, L., & Feldman, S. S. (1998). Familial antecedents of young adult health risk behavior: A longitudinal study. Journal of Family Psychology, 12(1), 66–80. CrossRef
Gorall, T. M., Tiesel, J., & Olson, D. H. (2006). FACES IV: Development and validation. Minneapolis, MN: Life Innovations.
Hauser, S. T. (1991). Adolescents and their families: Paths of ego development. New York, NY: Free Press.
Henry, C. S., Sager, D. W., & Plunkett, S. W. (1996). Adolescents’ perception of family system characteristics, parent-adolescent dyadic behavior, adolescent qualities, and adolescent empathy. Family Relations, 45, 283. CrossRef
Hill, J. P., & Holmbeck, G. N. (1987). Familial adaptation to biological change during adolescence. In R. M. Lerner (Ed.), Biological-psychosocial interactions in early adolescence: Child psychology (pp. 207–223). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
King, M. B. (1989). Eating disorders in a general practice population. Prevalence, characteristics and follow-up at 12 to 18 months. Psychological Medicine, 14, 1–34.
Kline, R. B. (1995). New objective ratings scales for child assessment, II. Self-report scales for children and adolescents: Self-report of personality of the behavior assessment system for children, the youth self-report, and the personality inventory for youth. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 13, 169–193. CrossRef
Laghi, F., Baiocco, R., Lonigro, A., Capacchione, G., & Baumgartner, E. (2012a). Family functioning and binge drinking among Italian adolescents. Journal of Health Psychology. doi: 10.1177/I359105311430005.
Laghi, F., Liga, F., Baumgartner, E., & Baiocco, R. (2012b). Time perspective and psychosocial positive functioning among Italian adolescents who binge eat and drink. Journal of Adolescence, 35, 1277–1284.
Larson, R., Richards, M., Moneta, G., Holmbeck, G., & Duckett, E. (1996). Changes in adolescents’ daily interactions with their families from ages 10 to 18: Disengagement and transformation. Developmental Psychology, 32, 744–754. CrossRef
Marcus, R. F., & Betzer, P. D. S. (1996). Attachment and antisocial behavior in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 16(2), 229–248. CrossRef
Marsac, M. L., & Aldefer, M. A. (2010). Psychometric properties of the Faces-IV in families of pediatric oncology patients. Journal of Pediatric Psychology Advance Access, 10, 1–11.
Minuchin, S. (1974). Families and family therapy. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mirnics, Z., Vargha, A., Tòth, M., & Badgy, E. (2010). Cross-cultural applicability of Faces IV. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 21, 17–33. CrossRef
Murray, L., Halligan, S. L., Adams, G., Patterson, P., & Goodyer, I. M. (2006). Socioemotional development in adolescents at risk for depression: The role of maternal depression and attachment style. Developmental Psychopathology, 18, 489–516. CrossRef
Noller, P. (1994). Relationships with parents in adolescence: Process and outcome. In R. Montemayor, G. R. Adams, & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), Personal relationships during adolescence (pp. 37–77). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Olson, D. H. (1995). Family satisfaction scale. Minneapolis, MN: Life Innovations.
Olson, D. H. (2011). FACES IV and the Circumplex model: Validation study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 3(1), 64–80. CrossRef
Olson, D. H., & Gorall, D. M. (2006). Faces IV and the Circumplex model. Minneapolis, MN: Life Innovations.
Olson, D. H., Russell, C. S., & Sprenkle, D. H. (1989). Circumplex model: Systematic assessment and treatment of families. New York, NY: Haworth Press.
Onnis, L. (Ed.). (2010). Creating bondings, healing bondings. Turin: Bollati Boringheri.
Rivero, N., Martinez-Pampliega, A., & Olson, D. H. (2010). Spanish adaptation of the Faces IV Questionnaire: Psychometric characteristics. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 18(3), 288–296.
Scabini, E., & Cigoli, V. (2006). Family identity: ties, symbols, and transitions. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Scabini, E., & Galimberti, C. (1995). Adolescents and young adults: A transition in the family. Journal of Adolescence, 18, 593–606. CrossRef
Tafà, M., & Baiocco, R. (2009). Addictive behaviour and family functioning during adolescence. American Journal of Family Therapy, 37(5), 388–395. CrossRef
Trommsdorff, G., & Schwarz, B. (2007). The ‘Intergenerational Stake Hypothesis’ in Indonesia and Germany. Current Sociology, 4, 599–620. CrossRef
Türküm, A. S., Kiziltas, A., Biyik, N., & Yemen, B. (2005). The investigation of university students’ perceptions about family functioning. Educational Scienses: Theory & Practice, 1, 253–262.
Younnis, J., & Smollar, J. (1985). Adolescent relations with mothers, fathers and friends. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
- Factorial and Construct Validity of FACES IV Among Italian Adolescents
- Springer US