Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Dr. Farmer is now at the National Institute of Mental Health. Dr. Findling is now at Johns Hopkins University and the Kennedy Krieger Institute. Dr. Bukstein is now at DePelchin Children’s Center, the University of Texas, and the Baylor College of Medicine.
Aggressive behaviors can be classified into proactive and reactive functions, though there is disagreement about whether these are distinct constructs. Data suggest that proactive and reactive aggression have different etiologies, correlates, and response to treatment. Several rating scales are available to characterize aggressive behavior as proactive or reactive; one commonly used scale was originally developed for teacher ratings, referred to here as the Antisocial Behavior Scale (ABS). However, no data are available on the psychometric properties of the ABS for parent ratings. This study examined the factor structure and convergent/divergent validity of the parent-rated ABS among 168 children aged 6–12 years with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, a disruptive behavior disorder, and severe aggression enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. Multidimensional item response theory was used to confirm the original factor structure. The proactive and reactive factors were distinct but moderately correlated; the algorithm items exhibited acceptable fit on the original factors. The non-algorithm items caused theoretical problems and model misfit. Convergent and divergent validity of the scale was explored between the ABS and other parent-report measures. Proactive and reactive aggression showed differential correlates consistent with expectations for externalizing symptoms. The subscales were correlated weakly or not at all with most non-externalizing symptoms, with some exceptions. Thus, the original factor structure was supported and we found preliminary evidence for the validity of the scale, though the results suggest that the constructs measured by the ABS may not be totally distinct from general behavior problems in this clinical sample.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aman, M. G., De Smedt, G., Derivan, A., Lyons, B., Findling, R. L., & The Risperidone Disruptive Behavior Study Group. (2002). Risperidone treatment of children with disruptive behavior disorders and subaverage IQ: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1337–1346. PubMedCrossRef
Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1992). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Sociological Methods and Research, 21, 230–258.
Browne, M. W., Cudeck, R., Tateneni, K., & Mels, G. (2008). CEFA: Comprehensive exploratory factor analysis, version 3.03 [Computer software and manual]. Retrieved from http://faculty.psy.ohio-state.edu/browne/
Cai, L., du Toit, S. H. C., & Thissen, D. (2011). IRTPro: Flexible, multidimensional, multiple categorical IRT modeling [Computer software]. Chicago, IL: Scientific Software International.
Card, N. A., & Little, T. D. (2006). Proactive and reactive aggression in childhood and adolescence: A meta-analysis of differential relations with psychosocial adjustment. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30, 466–480. CrossRef
DeWall, C. N., Anderson, C. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2011). The general aggression model: Theoretical extensions to violence. Psychology of Violence, 1, 245–258. CrossRef
Dodge, K. A. (1991). The structure and function of reactive and proactive aggression. In D. J. Pepler & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 201–218). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Epstein, N. B., Baldwin, L. M., & Bishop, D. S. (1983). The McMaster family assessment device. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 9, 171–180.
Farmer, C. A., Arnold, L. E., Bukstein, O. G., Findling, R. L., Gadow, K. D., Li, X., et al. (2011). The treatment of severe child aggression (TOSCA) study: Design challenges. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 5(36), 1–11. doi: 10.1186/1753-2000-5-36.
Gadow, K. G., & Sprafkin, J. (2002). Child symptom inventory 4: Screening and norms manual. Stony Brook, NY: Checkmate Plus, LTD.
Jensen, P. S., Youngstrom, E. A., Steiner, H., Findling, R. L., Meyer, R. E., Malone, R. P., et al. (2007). Consensus report on impulsive aggression as a symptom across diagnostic categories in child psychiatry: Implications for medication studies. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 309–322. PubMedCrossRef
Kalton, G., & Schuman, H. (1982). The effect of the question on survey responses: A review. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, 145, 42–73. CrossRef
Kempes, M., Matthys, W., de Vries, H., & van Engeland, H. (2005). Reactive and proactive aggression in children: A review of theory, findings and the relevance for child and adolescent psychiatry. European Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 11–19. CrossRef
Kempes, M., Matthys, W., Maassen, G., van Goozen, S., & van Engeland, H. (2006). A parent questionnaire for distinguishing between reactive and proactive aggression in children. European Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 15, 38–45. CrossRef
Little, T. D., Jones, S. M., Henrich, C. C., & Hawley, P. H. (2003). Disentangling the “whys” from the “whats” of aggressive behaviour. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27, 122–133. CrossRef
Malone, R. P., Bennett, D. S., Luebbert, J. F., Rowan, A. B., Biesecker, K. A., Blaney, B. L., & Delaney, M. A. (1997). Aggression classification and treatment response. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 34(1), 41–45.
Ostrov, J. M., & Crick, N. R. (2007). Forms and functions of aggression during early childhood: A short-term longitudinal study. School Psychology Review, 36, 22–43.
Prinstein, M. J., & Cillessen, A. H. N. (2003). Forms and functions of adolescent peer aggression associated with high levels of peer status. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 49, 310–342. CrossRef
Snyder, R., Turgay, A., Aman, M. G., Binder, C., Fisman, S., Carroll, A., & The Risperidone Conduct Study Group. (2002). Effects of risperidone on conduct and disruptive behavior disorders in children with subaverage IQs. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 1026–1036. PubMedCrossRef
Stanford, M. S., Houston, R. J., Mathias, C. W., Greve, K. W., Villemarette-Pittman, N. R., & Adams, D. (2001). A double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study phenytoin in individuals with impulsive aggression. Psychiatry Research, 103(2), 193–203.
van Prooijen, J.-W., & van der Kloot, W. A. (2001). Confirmatory analysis of exploratively obtained factor structures. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 61, 777–792. CrossRef
Vitaro, F., Brendgen, M., & Barker, E. D. (2006). Subtypes of aggressive behaviors: A developmental perspective. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30, 12–19. CrossRef
- Factor Validity of a Proactive and Reactive Aggression Rating Scale
Aaron J. Kaat
Cristan A. Farmer
Kenneth D. Gadow
Robert L. Findling
Oscar G. Bukstein
L. Eugene Arnold
Srihari S. Bangalore
Nora K. McNamara
Michael G. Aman
- Springer US