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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2021

24-11-2020 | Original Paper

Factor Structure of Repetitive Behaviors Across Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Auteurs: Noah J. Brierley, Christina G. McDonnell, Kaitlyn M. A. Parks, Samantha E. Schulz, Tyler C. Dalal, Elizabeth Kelley, Evdokia Anagnostou, Robert Nicolson, Stelios Georgiades, Jennifer Crosbie, Russell Schachar, Xudong Liu, Ryan A. Stevenson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2021

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Abstract

Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and commonly occur in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Little is known about how RRBs manifest in ADHD. We quantified and compared factor structures of RRBs in children with ASD (n = 634) or ADHD (n = 448), and related factors to sex and IQ. A four-factor solution emerged, including Stereotypy, Self-Injury, Compulsions, and Ritualistic/Sameness. Factor structures were equivalent across diagnoses, though symptoms were more severe in ASD. IQ negatively correlated with Stereotypy, Self-Injury, and Compulsions in ASD, and negatively correlated with Compulsions and Ritualistic/Sameness behaviors in ADHD. In ASD only, females exhibited higher Self-Injury. Thus, patterns of RRBs are preserved across ASD and ADHD, but severity and relationship with IQ differed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Factor Structure of Repetitive Behaviors Across Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Auteurs
Noah J. Brierley
Christina G. McDonnell
Kaitlyn M. A. Parks
Samantha E. Schulz
Tyler C. Dalal
Elizabeth Kelley
Evdokia Anagnostou
Robert Nicolson
Stelios Georgiades
Jennifer Crosbie
Russell Schachar
Xudong Liu
Ryan A. Stevenson
Publicatiedatum
24-11-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04800-0