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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 5/2012

01-10-2012 | Original Article

Facial Emotion Recognition in Children with High Functioning Autism and Children with Social Phobia

Auteurs: Nina Wong, Deborah C. Beidel, Dustin E. Sarver, Valerie Sims

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 5/2012

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Abstract

Recognizing facial affect is essential for effective social functioning. This study examines emotion recognition abilities in children aged 7–13 years with High Functioning Autism (HFA = 19), Social Phobia (SP = 17), or typical development (TD = 21). Findings indicate that all children identified certain emotions more quickly (e.g., happy < anger, disgust, sad < fear) and more accurately (happy) than other emotions (disgust). No evidence was found for negative interpretation biases in children with HFA or SP (i.e., all groups showed similar ability to discriminate neutral from non-neutral facial expressions). However, distinct between-group differences emerged when considering facial expression intensity. Specifically, children with HFA detected mild affective expressions less accurately than TD peers. Behavioral ratings of social effectiveness or social anxiety were uncorrelated with facial affect recognition abilities across children. Findings have implications for social skills treatment programs targeting youth with skill deficits.
Voetnoten
1
Briefly, when participants are not randomly assigned to group (as in the current study), variables that covary simultaneously with the independent and dependent variables are unsuitable to use as covariates within ANOVA due to the inability to separate the systematically shared variance attributable to the independent variable and covariate [69].
 
2
We repeated all analyses after excluding children with HFA who were comorbid for ADHD or social anxiety. The pattern of results for all omnibus tests was identical and relevant post hoc analyses were nearly identical.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Facial Emotion Recognition in Children with High Functioning Autism and Children with Social Phobia
Auteurs
Nina Wong
Deborah C. Beidel
Dustin E. Sarver
Valerie Sims
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 5/2012
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-012-0296-z

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