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01-06-2011 | Original Paper | Uitgave 6/2011

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2011

Face Processing in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Independent or Interactive Processing of Facial Identity and Facial Expression?

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 6/2011
Auteurs:
Julia F. Krebs, Ajanta Biswas, Olivier Pascalis, Inge Kamp-Becker, Helmuth Remschmidt, Gudrun Schwarzer
Belangrijke opmerkingen
This research project was supported by the ‘Graduierten Kolleg: Neural representation and action control—NeuroAct’ (DFG 885/2) of the German Science Foundation (DFG) and a Scholarship awarded to Julia Krebs. Our special thanks go to all participants with and without autism and their families for their ongoing support and collaboration.

Abstract

The current study investigated if deficits in processing emotional expression affect facial identity processing and vice versa in children with autism spectrum disorder. Children with autism and IQ and age matched typically developing children classified faces either by emotional expression, thereby ignoring facial identity or by facial identity disregarding emotional expression. Typically developing children processed facial identity independently from facial expressions but processed facial expressions in interaction with identity. Children with autism processed both facial expression and identity independently of each other. They selectively directed their attention to one facial parameter despite variations in the other. Results indicate that there is no interaction in processing facial identity and emotional expression in autism spectrum disorder.

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