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05-01-2021 | Uitgave 1/2021

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 1/2021

Face Memory Deficits in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 1/2021
Auteurs:
Kirin Suri, Michael Lewis, Nicholas Minar, Emily Willson, Jessica Ace
Belangrijke opmerkingen
The original online version of this article was revised: The word "randomly" in the 3rd sentence of the Abstract should be deleted as the study was not randomized.
A correction to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10862-021-09875-2.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Face memory is critical for social functioning. Our study examined whether children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have a face memory deficit relative to those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), another commonly occurring neurodevelopmental condition that is associated with socio-emotional and cognitive deficits. Children and adolescents with ASD and ADHD as well as typically developing (TD) peers were divided into two face-looking time conditions to determine the effect of the duration of looking time on memory for faces. Our goal was to determine whether children and adolescents with ASD would demonstrate poorer face memory skills than their ADHD and TD counterparts, and whether increased face-looking time would improve face memory in children and adolescents in these three diagnostic categories. Results revealed that children and adolescents with ASD exhibit a face memory deficit compared to their ADHD and TD peers that does not improve even after increasing the duration of time spent looking at faces.

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