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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 5/2019

25-03-2019

Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth

Auteurs: Julia I. Bravin, Angela P. Gutierrez, Jessica L. McCurley, Scott C. Roesch, Carmen R. Isasi, Alan M. Delamater, Krista M. Perreira, Linda Van Horn, Sheila F. Castañeda, Elizabeth R. Pulgaron, Gregory A. Talavera, Martha L. Daviglus, Maria Lopez-Class, Donglin Zeng, Linda C. Gallo

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 5/2019

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Abstract

Hispanic/Latino youth are disproportionately affected by obesity. However, how social factors outside of the family relate to Hispanic/Latino youth obesity is not well understood. We examined associations of extra-familial social factors with overweight/obesity prevalence, and their variation by sex and age, in 1444 Study of Latino Youth participants [48.6% female; 43.4% children (8–11 years); 56.6% adolescents (12–16 years)], who were offspring of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants. Youth self-reported general social support from friends, dietary-, and physical activity (PA)-specific support from peers, and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index ≥ 85th percentile. Logistic regression models assessed effects of social factors and their interactions with age-group and sex, adjusting for potential confounders. Social support from friends interacted with both age and sex in relation to overweight/obesity. Female children who reported lesser (OR 0.60; 95% CI [0.39, 0.91]) and female adolescents who reported greater (OR 1.35; 95% CI [1.06, 1.74]) social support from friends had higher odds of overweight/obesity. Among males, greater awareness/internalization of thinness ideals related to higher odds of overweight/obesity (OR 2.30; 95% CI [1.59, 3.31]). Awareness/internalization of thinness ideals was not associated with overweight/obesity among females. Dietary and PA-specific peer support did not relate to overweight/obesity. Social support from friends and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals were significantly related to odds of overweight/obesity in Hispanic/Latino youth; associations varied by age and sex, and persisted after control for intra-familial factors (overall family support/function; diet and activity specific support).
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Metagegevens
Titel
Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth
Auteurs
Julia I. Bravin
Angela P. Gutierrez
Jessica L. McCurley
Scott C. Roesch
Carmen R. Isasi
Alan M. Delamater
Krista M. Perreira
Linda Van Horn
Sheila F. Castañeda
Elizabeth R. Pulgaron
Gregory A. Talavera
Martha L. Daviglus
Maria Lopez-Class
Donglin Zeng
Linda C. Gallo
Publicatiedatum
25-03-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 5/2019
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00022-7

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