Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 4/2021

10-05-2020 | Review

Exploring to learn and learning to explore

Auteurs: Guillaume Hacques, John Komar, Matt Dicks, Ludovic Seifert

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

In respect to ecological psychology processes of attunement and calibration, this critical review focusses on how exploratory behaviors may contribute to skilled perception and action, with particular attention to sport. Based on the theoretical insights of Gibson (The senses considered as perceptual systems, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1966) and Reed (Encountering the world: Toward an ecological psychology, Oxford University Press, New York, 1996), exploratory and performatory actions have been differentiated in numerous experiments to study the perception of opportunities of action. The distinction between exploratory and performatory actions has informed the study of infant behavior in developmental psychology. In the current article, we highlight limitations with this distinction in the study of sports performers. We propose that a dynamic view of exploratory behavior would reveal how individuals develop exploratory activity that generates information about the fit between environmental properties and action capabilities. In this aim, practitioners should: (1) give learners the opportunity to safely develop exploratory behaviors even when they act outside their action boundary; and (2) guide learners to search for more reliable information to develop exploratory behaviors that would enhance the transfer of skills to various performance contexts.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Bernstein, N. A. (1967). The co-ordination and regulation of movements. London: Pergamon Press. Bernstein, N. A. (1967). The co-ordination and regulation of movements. London: Pergamon Press.
go back to reference Fajen, B. R., Riley, M. A., & Turvey, M. T. (2008). Information, affordances, and the control of action in sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 40(1), 79–107. Fajen, B. R., Riley, M. A., & Turvey, M. T. (2008). Information, affordances, and the control of action in sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 40(1), 79–107.
go back to reference Gibson, J. J. (1966). The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Gibson, J. J. (1966). The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
go back to reference Gibson, J. J. (2015). The ecological approach to visual perception (Classic edition). New York: Psychology Press (original work published in 1979). Gibson, J. J. (2015). The ecological approach to visual perception (Classic edition). New York: Psychology Press (original work published in 1979).
go back to reference Huet, M., Jacobs, D. M., Camachon, C., Missenard, O., Gray, R., & Montagne, G. (2011). The education of attention as explanation of variability of practice effects: Learning the final approach phase in a flight simulator. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(6), 1841–1854. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0024386. CrossRefPubMed Huet, M., Jacobs, D. M., Camachon, C., Missenard, O., Gray, R., & Montagne, G. (2011). The education of attention as explanation of variability of practice effects: Learning the final approach phase in a flight simulator. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(6), 1841–1854. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0024386. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Orth, D., Button, C., Davids, K., & Seifert, L. (2016). What current research tells us about skill acquisition in climbing? In L. Seifert, P. Wolf, & A. Schweizer (Eds.), Science of climbing and mountaineering (pp. 196–209). New York: Routledge. Orth, D., Button, C., Davids, K., & Seifert, L. (2016). What current research tells us about skill acquisition in climbing? In L. Seifert, P. Wolf, & A. Schweizer (Eds.), Science of climbing and mountaineering (pp. 196–209). New York: Routledge.
go back to reference Pijpers, J. R. (2006). The impact of anxiety on perceptual-motor behaviour. Enschede: Febodruk B.V. Pijpers, J. R. (2006). The impact of anxiety on perceptual-motor behaviour. Enschede: Febodruk B.V.
go back to reference Reed, E. (1996). Encountering the world: Toward an ecological psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Reed, E. (1996). Encountering the world: Toward an ecological psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Richardson, M. J., Shockley, K., Fajen, B. R., Riley, M. A., & Turvey, M. T. (2008). Ecological psychology: Six principles for an embodied–embedded approach to behavior. In P. Calvo & T. Gomila (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive science: An embodied approach (pp. 161–187). Amsterdam: Elsevier. Richardson, M. J., Shockley, K., Fajen, B. R., Riley, M. A., & Turvey, M. T. (2008). Ecological psychology: Six principles for an embodied–embedded approach to behavior. In P. Calvo & T. Gomila (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive science: An embodied approach (pp. 161–187). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
go back to reference Schöllhorn, W. I., Beckmann, H., Michelbrink, M., Sechelmann, M., Trockel, M., & Davids, K. (2006). Does noise provide a basis for the unification of motor learning theories? International Journal of Sport Psychology, 37(2–3), 186–206. Schöllhorn, W. I., Beckmann, H., Michelbrink, M., Sechelmann, M., Trockel, M., & Davids, K. (2006). Does noise provide a basis for the unification of motor learning theories? International Journal of Sport Psychology, 37(2–3), 186–206.
Metagegevens
Titel
Exploring to learn and learning to explore
Auteurs
Guillaume Hacques
John Komar
Matt Dicks
Ludovic Seifert
Publicatiedatum
10-05-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01352-x