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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 12/2019

11-11-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Exploring Mindfulness Benefits for Students and Teachers in Three German High Schools

Auteurs: Minh Tam Luong, Sarah Gouda, Joachim Bauer, Stefan Schmidt

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 12/2019

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Abstract

Objectives

Considerable evidence points to stress and health risks among students and teachers in modern schools. In recent years, mindfulness-based interventions have emerged as an answer to this growing strain. The present study implemented and evaluated a dual approach that introduced mindfulness simultaneously to students and teachers in three different German high schools. We investigated hypothesized improvements in areas of mental health, social-emotional competencies, and creativity among participants who engaged in a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Course (MBSR) as well as the processes and mechanisms that underlie the potential effects.

Methods

The study employed a controlled waitlist design across three schools. A total of 81 students (grade 11, mean age 16; 63 female, 18 male) and 90 teachers (mean age 45; 66 female, 24 male) participated in this study. In a mixed-methods approach, participants completed psychometric assessment (pre, post, and follow-up measurements) and qualitative semi-structured interviews.

Results

Among students, group comparisons revealed significant improvements with small to medium effect sizes on self-reported mindfulness, perceived stress, anxiety, depression, self-regulation, and emotional competencies. By contrast, teachers showed a significant improvement in medium effect size only on self-reported mindfulness. Explorative analyses and qualitative results expand teachers’ findings and point to benefits in stress management and social emotional competencies. Qualitative results further shed light on course mechanisms and processes among teachers and students.

Conclusions

Results indicate a clearer benefit among students, yet also point to the supportive role mindfulness can assume among teachers. Systemic and implementation factors significantly shaped course results and experience in both populations.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Exploring Mindfulness Benefits for Students and Teachers in Three German High Schools
Auteurs
Minh Tam Luong
Sarah Gouda
Joachim Bauer
Stefan Schmidt
Publicatiedatum
11-11-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 12/2019
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01231-6

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