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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 5/2020

02-01-2020

Exploration of symptom experience in kidney transplant recipients based on symptoms experience model

Auteurs: Han Wang, Chunyan Du, Hongxia Liu, Shuping Zhang, Sisi Wu, Yingxin Fu, Jie Zhao

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 5/2020

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Abstract

Purpose

Kidney transplant recipients suffer from a variety of symptoms, and symptom management is crucial in improving their quality of life (QOL). Accordingly, this study aims to identify the symptoms experienced by kidney transplant recipients and examine the relationship amongst antecedents, symptom experience and QOL of recipients in China.

Methods

A total of 300 kidney transplant recipients were investigated in one of the most first-rate hospitals in China by asking them to fill out a self-designed general questionnaire, the Symptom Experience Scale, the Sense of Coherence Scale (Chinese version), the Revised Life Orientation Test (Chinese version) and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (Chinese version).

Results

Kidney transplant recipients experienced multiple symptoms that were frequent, severe and bothersome. The final model showed significant consistency with the data. In the QOL model, post-transplant time, complications, immunosuppressive agents and sense of coherence explained 30.7% of the variance of symptom experience. Moreover, habitual residence, economic burden, post-transplant time, kidney function, optimism and symptom experience accounted for 70.6% of the variance on QOL.

Conclusions

We can explain the relationship between antecedents, symptom experience and QOL amongst Chinese kidney transplant recipients by using Symptoms Experience Model. Clinicians and caregivers can manage the recipient’s symptoms during follow-up from psychological, physical and medication management perspectives. Improving sense of coherence, maintaining optimism and managing symptoms are essential for enhancing QOL.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Exploration of symptom experience in kidney transplant recipients based on symptoms experience model
Auteurs
Han Wang
Chunyan Du
Hongxia Liu
Shuping Zhang
Sisi Wu
Yingxin Fu
Jie Zhao
Publicatiedatum
02-01-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 5/2020
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-019-02404-5