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01-02-2013 | Special Article | Uitgave 2/2013

Netherlands Heart Journal 2/2013

Exercise training in chronic heart failure: mechanisms and therapies

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 2/2013
Auteur:
M. F. Piepoli

Abstract

Decreased exercise capacity negatively affects the individuals’ ability to adequately perform activities required for normal daily life and, therefore, the independence and quality of life. Regular exercise training is associated with improved quality of life and survival in healthy individuals and in cardiovascular disease patients. Also in patients with stable heart failure, exercise training can relieve symptoms, improve exercise capacity and reduce disability, hospitalisation and probably mortality. Physical inactivity can thus be considered a major cardiovascular risk factor, and current treatment guidelines recommend exercise training in patients with heart failure in NYHA functional classes II and III. Exercise training is associated with numerous pulmonary, cardiovascular, and skeletal muscle metabolic adaptations that are beneficial to patients with heart failure. This review discusses current knowledge of mechanisms by which exercise training is beneficial in these patients.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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