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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2008

01-08-2008 | Original Article

Executive Function Deficits, Rumination and Late-Onset Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults

Auteurs: William von Hippel, Michael W. Vasey, Talia Gonda, Tara Stern

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 4/2008

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Abstract

Empirical evidence indicates that late-onset depression (i.e., age of onset ≥60 years) is associated with executive function decline. This relationship suggests the possibility that executive dysfunction (ED) may contribute to depressive symptoms because it leads to decreased ability to inhibit ruminative thinking. This hypothesis was tested in a sample of 44 older adults reporting depressive symptoms with onset either late in adulthood or earlier in life. Consistent with hypotheses, older adults suffering from late onset, but not early onset, depressive symptoms showed an association between ED and depressive symptomatology. Furthermore, this selective relationship between ED and depressive symptomatology was mediated by ruminative tendencies. These results suggest that executive function deficits may contribute to late-onset of depressive symptoms by interfering with the ability to control ruminative thoughts.
Voetnoten
1
Although we screened for major psychoactive drugs, there are a very large number of other drugs that may interfere to some extent with cognitive processing for which we did not screen.
 
2
As discussed by MacKinnon et al. (2002), z′ uses a distribution other than the normal distribution. Thus, critical values differ from those associated with typical z tests. Critical values are available at http://www.public.asu.edu/∼davidpm/ripl/methods.htm.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Executive Function Deficits, Rumination and Late-Onset Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults
Auteurs
William von Hippel
Michael W. Vasey
Talia Gonda
Tara Stern
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 4/2008
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9034-9