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11-06-2021 | Empirical Research

Exclusionary School Discipline and Delinquent Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis

Auteurs: Julie Gerlinger, Samantha Viano, Joseph H. Gardella, Benjamin W. Fisher, F. Chris Curran, Ethan M. Higgins

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 8/2021

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Abstract

Excluding students from school remains a common form of punishment despite growing critique of the practice. A disparate research base has impeded the ability to make broader assessments on the association between exclusionary discipline (i.e., suspensions and expulsions) and subsequent behavior. This article synthesizes existing empirical evidence (274 effect sizes from 40 primary studies) examining the relationship between exclusionary discipline and delinquent outcomes, including school misconduct/infractions, antisocial behavior, involvement with the justice system, and risky behaviors. This meta-analysis identifies exclusionary discipline as an important and meaningful predictor of increased delinquency. Additional examinations of potential moderators, including race/ethnicity and type of exclusion, revealed no significant differences, suggesting the harm associated with exclusions is consistent across subgroups. These findings indicate exclusionary discipline may inadvertently exacerbate rather than mollify delinquent behaviors.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Exclusionary School Discipline and Delinquent Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis
Auteurs
Julie Gerlinger
Samantha Viano
Joseph H. Gardella
Benjamin W. Fisher
F. Chris Curran
Ethan M. Higgins
Publicatiedatum
11-06-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01459-3

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