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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2008

01-10-2008 | Original Paper

Examining the Validity of Autism Spectrum Disorder Subtypes

Auteurs: Andrea N. Witwer, Luc Lecavalier

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2008

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Abstract

The classification of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is a topic of debate among clinicians and researchers with many questioning the validity of the distinction among subtypes. This manuscript examines the validity of three ASD subtypes (Autism, Asperger’s, and PDDNOS) by reviewing 22 studies published between 1994 and 2006. We reviewed studies that examined differences between the subtypes in terms of clinical and demographic characteristics, neuropsychological profiles, comorbidity, and prognosis. Results largely did not support differences between autism and Asperger’s disorder based on current diagnostic criteria. Overall, the most salient group differences were noted when samples were categorized on IQ. Drawing definitive conclusions is difficult due to the inconsistent application of diagnostic criteria and circularity in methods.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Examining the Validity of Autism Spectrum Disorder Subtypes
Auteurs
Andrea N. Witwer
Luc Lecavalier
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2008
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-008-0541-2

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