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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2014

01-02-2014 | Original Paper

Examining the Specific Effects of Context on Adaptive Behavior and Achievement in a Rural African Community: Six Case Studies from Rural Areas of Southern Province, Zambia

Auteurs: Mei Tan, Jodi Reich, Lesley Hart, Philip E. Thuma, Elena L. Grigorenko

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2014

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Abstract

Generally accepted as universal, the construct of adaptive behavior differs in its manifestations across different cultures and settings. The Vineland-II (Sparrow et al. in Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second edn. AGS Publishing, Circle Pines, MN, 2005) was translated into Chitonga and adapted to the setting of rural Southern Province, Zambia. This version was administered to the parents/caregivers of 114 children (grades 3–7, mean age = 12.94, SD = 2.34). The relationships between these children’s adaptive behavior, academic achievement and cognitive ability indicators are compared to those usually observed in US samples. Results reflect no association between adaptive behavior and cognitive ability indicators, but a strong relationship between high adaptive behavior and reading-related measures. Six case studies of children with high and low scores on the Vineland-II are presented to illustrate the possible factors affecting these outcomes.
Voetnoten
1
This mean age, in a culture where children start 1st grade typically at the age of seven, may seem high by Western standards. It is most likely this high due to children repeating grades or taking time away from school.
 
2
The names presented in these case studies are not the real names of the children.
 
3
Particularly common in the area where the Bala Bbala Project is underway are the Brethren in Christ and Seventh Day Adventists Churches.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Examining the Specific Effects of Context on Adaptive Behavior and Achievement in a Rural African Community: Six Case Studies from Rural Areas of Southern Province, Zambia
Auteurs
Mei Tan
Jodi Reich
Lesley Hart
Philip E. Thuma
Elena L. Grigorenko
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1487-y