Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Portions of this research were presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Philadelphia, PA, November, 2014. Consent was obtained from all participants, and the study protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Temple University.
Previous research suggests that individuals with high levels of social anxiety (SA) tend to make negative interpretations of ambiguous social situations but fail to make positive interpretations of such situations. These biases have been shown to occur at both faster (more immediate) and slower (more reflective) levels of processing. Fears of evaluation may play a role in the tendency of individuals with SA to exhibit interpretation biases. As an extension of previous research, we examined the unique variance accounted for by fear of negative evaluation (FNE) and fear of positive evaluation (FPE) in the relationship between SA and interpretation biases, using a paradigm that collected both reaction time and self-report data. FPE accounted for significant variance in the relationship between SA and negative interpretation bias at a faster level of processing (reaction time measure). However, neither FNE nor FPE accounted for significant variance in the relationship between SA and negative interpretation bias at a slower level of processing (self-report measure). Our findings suggest that FPE may play an important role in biased interpretations during more immediate processing, whereas SA may be broadly influential for biased interpretations during more reflective processing.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Amir, N., & Bomyea, J. (2010). Cognitive biases in social anxiety disorder. In S. G. Hofmann & P. M. DiBartolo (Eds.), Social anxiety: Clinical, developmental, and social perspectives (pp. 373–393). New York: Academic Press. CrossRef
Carleton, R. N., Collimore, K. C., McCabe, R. E., & Antony, M. M. (2011). Addressing revisions to the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale: Measuring fear of negative evaluation across anxiety and mood disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 822–828. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.04.002. CrossRefPubMed
Clark, D. M. (2001). A cognitive perspective on social phobia. In W. R. Crozier & L. E. Alden (Eds.), International handbook of social anxiety: Concepts, research, and interventions relating to the self and shyness (pp. 405–430). New York: Wiley.
FluidSurveys. (2013). FluidSurveys [Online Survey Software]. Available from http://www.fluidsurveys.com.
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York: The Guilford Press.
Heimberg, R. G., Brozovich, F. A., & Rapee, R. M. (2014). A cognitive-behavioral model of social anxiety disorder. In S. G. Hofmann, & P. M. DiBartolo (Eds.). Social anxiety: Clinical, developmental, and social perspectives (3rd edn., pp. 705–728). Waltham, MA: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-394427-6.00024-8
IBM Corp. (2012). IBM SPSS statistics for windows, version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Contemporary approaches to assessing mediation in communication research. In A. F. Hayes, M. D. Slater, & L. B. Snyder (Eds.), The Sage sourcebook of advanced data analysis methods for communication research (pp. 13–54). Thousand Oaks, CA USA: Sage Publications Inc. CrossRef
Rodebaugh, T. L., Heimberg, R. G., Brown, P. J., Fernandez, K. C., Blanco, C., Schneier, F. R., & Liebowitz, M. R. (2011). More reasons to be straightforward: Findings and norms for two scales relevant to social anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 623–630. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.02.002. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Schneider, W., Eschman, A., & Zuccolotto, A. (2002). E-prime user’s guide. Pittsburgh: Psychology Software Tools Inc.
Staugaard, S. R. (2009). Reliability of two versions of the dot-probe task using photographic faces. Psychology Science, 51, 339–350.
Vassilopoulos, S. P. (2011). Interpretation bias for facial expressions in high and low socially anxious individuals: Effects of stimulus duration. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 8, 44–65.
Weeks, J. W., Heimberg, R. G., Fresco, D. M., Hart, T. A., Turk, C. L., Schneider, F. R., & Liebowitz, M. R. (2005). Empirical validation and psychometric evaluation of the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation scale in patients with social anxiety disorder. Psychological Assessment, 17, 179–190. doi: 10.1037/1040-35184.108.40.206. CrossRefPubMed
Weeks, J. W., & Howell, A. N. (2014). Fear of positive evaluation: The neglected fear domain in social anxiety. In J. W. Weeks (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of social anxiety disorder (pp. 433–453). New York: Wiley. CrossRef
- Examining the Relationships Among Social Anxiety, Fears of Evaluation, and Interpretation Bias
M. Taylor Dryman
Richard G. Heimberg
- Springer US