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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2010

01-05-2010

Examination of the Response Styles Theory in a Community Sample of Young Adolescents

Auteurs: Lori M. Hilt, Katie A. McLaughlin, Susan Nolen-Hoeksema

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2010

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Abstract

This study examined the Response Styles Theory in a large, racially and ethnically diverse sample (N = 722) of 6th, 7th, and 8th graders. We examined the role of response styles (rumination, distraction, and problem-solving) as predictors of changes in depressive symptoms over a seven-month period. Higher levels of rumination and lower levels of problem-solving and distraction were associated with increases in depressive symptoms over time. Response style ratio scores (rumination scores divided by the sum of distraction and problem-solving scores) also predicted increases in depressive symptoms over time. Girls reported greater depressive symptoms compared to boys, and both rumination and response style ratio score statistically accounted for the gender difference in depressive symptoms. Clinical implications include the importance of problem-solving training and rumination reduction techniques in preventive interventions.

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Voetnoten
1
All significant gender differences in response styles (including ratio scores) remain significant when controlling for depressive symptom scores.
 
2
There were no significant interactions with grade in any of the regression models.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Examination of the Response Styles Theory in a Community Sample of Young Adolescents
Auteurs
Lori M. Hilt
Katie A. McLaughlin
Susan Nolen-Hoeksema
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2010
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9384-3