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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1/2020

28-05-2019

Everyday stress components and physical activity: examining reactivity, recovery and pileup

Auteurs: David M. Almeida, David Marcusson-Clavertz, David E. Conroy, Jinhyuk Kim, Matthew J. Zawadzki, Martin J. Sliwinski, Joshua M. Smyth

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1/2020

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Abstract

The experience of naturally-occurring stress in daily life has been linked with lower physical activity levels. However, most of this evidence comes from general and static reports of stress. Less is known how different temporal components of everyday stress interfere with physical activity. In a coordinated secondary analysis of data from two studies of adults, we used intensive, micro-longitudinal assessments (ecological momentary assessments, EMA) to investigate how distinct components of everyday stress, that is, reactivity to stressor events, recovery from stressor events, and pileup of stressor events and responses predict physical activity. Results showed that components of everyday stress predicted subsequent physical activity especially for indicators of stress pileup. In both studies, the accumulation of stress responses over the previous 12 h was more predictive of subsequent physical activity than current stress reactivity or recovery responses. Results are compared to the effects of general measures of perceived stress that showed an opposite pattern of results. The novel everyday stress approach used here may be fruitful for generating new insights into physical activity specifically and health behaviors in general.
Voetnoten
1
We also calculated a baseline that corresponded to the person mean of NA on non-stressor moments that satisfy one of the following criteria: To be qualified for the global baseline the observations needed to occur on days that either: (a) contained no reports of stressor moments (i.e., “resting days”), or (b) contained stressor moment(s) but those moments preceded the first stressor event that day. In other words, this baseline did not include non-stressor moments that occurred after the first stressor that day. This exclusion aimed to minimize the risk that prior stressors on those days would elevate NA on subsequent non-stressor moments, for instance, in the case of incomplete recovery, and thus underestimate reactivity. Using this baseline made no difference to the pattern or significance of the findings. For the sake of parsimony, we report the occasion specific baseline in the tables and text.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Almeida, D. M., & Horn, M. C. (2004). Is daily life more stressful during middle adulthood? In O. G. Brim, C. D. Ryff, & R. C. Kessler (Eds.), How healthy are we? A national study of well-being at midlife (pp. 425–451). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. https://aging.wisc.edu/findings/pdfs/1.pdf. Accessed 12 Sept 2018. Almeida, D. M., & Horn, M. C. (2004). Is daily life more stressful during middle adulthood? In O. G. Brim, C. D. Ryff, & R. C. Kessler (Eds.), How healthy are we? A national study of well-being at midlife (pp. 425–451). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. https://​aging.​wisc.​edu/​findings/​pdfs/​1.​pdf. Accessed 12 Sept 2018.
go back to reference Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York, NY: Springer. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York, NY: Springer.
go back to reference Stetson, B. A., Rahm, J. M., Dubbert, P. M., Wilner, B. I., & Mercury, M. G. (1997). Prospective evaluation of the effects of stress on exercise adherence in community-residing women. Health Psychology,16(6), 515–520.CrossRef Stetson, B. A., Rahm, J. M., Dubbert, P. M., Wilner, B. I., & Mercury, M. G. (1997). Prospective evaluation of the effects of stress on exercise adherence in community-residing women. Health Psychology,16(6), 515–520.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Everyday stress components and physical activity: examining reactivity, recovery and pileup
Auteurs
David M. Almeida
David Marcusson-Clavertz
David E. Conroy
Jinhyuk Kim
Matthew J. Zawadzki
Martin J. Sliwinski
Joshua M. Smyth
Publicatiedatum
28-05-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1/2020
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00062-z

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