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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2008

01-03-2008 | Original Paper

Event Schemas in Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Theory of Mind and Weak Central Coherence

Auteurs: Eva Loth, Juan Carlos Gómez, Francesca Happé

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2008

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Abstract

Event schemas (generalized knowledge of what happens at common real-life events, e.g., a birthday party) are an important cognitive tool for social understanding: They provide structure for social experiences while accounting for many variable aspects. Using an event narratives task, this study tested the hypotheses that theory of mind (ToM) deficits and weak central coherence (WCC, a local processing bias) undermine different aspects of event knowledge in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Event narratives of ASD ToM-failers were overall significantly impaired. ASD ToM-passers showed more specific abnormalities relating to variable activities, and some of these were significantly associated to WCC. Abnormalities in event knowledge might help linking ASD-typical social deficits in real-life situations and the adherence to inflexible routines.
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In this paper, the terms event schema, event knowledge, and event scripts are used interchangeably.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Event Schemas in Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Theory of Mind and Weak Central Coherence
Auteurs
Eva Loth
Juan Carlos Gómez
Francesca Happé
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2008
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0412-2