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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1/2009

01-02-2009 | Review Paper

Ethnicity- and socio-economic status-related stresses in context: an integrative review and conceptual model

Auteur: Hector F. Myers

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1/2009

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Abstract

There continues to be debate about how best to conceptualize and measure the role of exposure to ethnicity-related and socio-economic status-related stressors (e.g. racism, discrimination, class prejudice) in accounting for ethnic health disparities over the lifecourse and across generations. In this review, we provide a brief summary of the evidence of health disparities among ethnic groups, and the major evidence on the role of exposure to ethnicity- and SES-related stressors on health. We then offer a reciprocal and recursive lifespan meta-model that considers the interaction of ethnicity and SES history as impacting exposure to psychosocial adversities, including ethnicity-related stresses, and mediating biopsychosocial mechanisms that interact to result in hypothesized cumulative biopsychosocial vulnerabilities. Ultimately, group differences in the burden of cumulative vulnerabilities are hypothesized as contributing to differential health status over time. Suggestions are offered for future research on the unique role that ethnicity- and SES-related processes are likely to play as contributors to persistent ethnic health disparities.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Ethnicity- and socio-economic status-related stresses in context: an integrative review and conceptual model
Auteur
Hector F. Myers
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1/2009
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-008-9181-4