Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for older adolescents and young adults. Although empirical literature has identified important risk factors of suicidal behavior, it is less understood if changes in risk factors correspond with changes in suicide risk. To address this knowledge gap, we assessed if there were different trajectories of suicidal behavior as youth transition into young adulthood and determined what time-varying risk factors predicted these trajectories. This study used four waves of data spanning approximately 13 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. The sample included 9027 respondents who were 12–18 years old (M = 15.26; SD = 1.76) at Wave 1, 50% male, 17% Hispanic, and 58% White. The results indicated that 93.6% of the sample had a low likelihood for suicide attempts across time, 5.1% had an elevated likelihood of attempting suicide in adolescence but not young adulthood, and 1.3% had an elevated likelihood of attempting suicide during adolescence and adulthood. The likelihood of a suicide attempt corresponded with changes on depression, impulsivity, delinquency, alcohol problems, family and friend suicide history, and experience with partner violence. Determining how suicide risk changes as youth transition into young adulthood and what factors predict these changes can help prevent suicide. Interventions targeting these risk factors could lead to reductions in suicide attempts.
Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. O. (2014). Auxiliary variables in mixture modeling: Three-step approaches using Mplus. Structural Equation Modeling, 21, 329–334. CrossRef
Bearman, P., & Moody, J. (1994). Suicide and friendships among American adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 89–95. CrossRef
Brent, D. A., Baugher, M., Bridge, J., Chen, T., & Chiappetta, L. (1999). Age- and sex-related risk factors for adolescent suicide. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1497–1505. CrossRef
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017) Web-based injury statistics query and reporting system (WISQARS) [Online]. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html. Accessed 3 Jan 2017.
Chen, P., & Chantala, K. (2014) Guidelines for analyzing add health data 2004. Available at: http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth/documentation/guides/wt_guidelines_20161213.pdf. Accessed 3 Jan 2017.
Goldsmith, S. K., Pellmar, T. C., Kleinman, A. M., & Bunney, W. E. (2002). Reducing suicide: A national imperative. Washington, DC: National Academics Press.
Goldston, D. B., Daniel, S. S., Erkanli, A., Reboussin, B. A., Mayfield, A., Frazier, P. H., & Treadway, S. L. (2009). Psychiatric diagnoses as contemporaneous risk factors for suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults: Developmental changes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 281–290. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Harris, E. C., & Barraclough, B. M. (1997). Suicide as an outcome for mental disorders: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 17, 205–228. CrossRef
Harris, K. M., Halpern, C. T., Whitsel, E., Hussey, J., Tabor, J., Entzel, P., & Udry, J. R. (2009) The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health: Research Design/ [WWW document]. URL: http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth/design.
Joiner, T. E. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kann, L., Kinchen, S., Shanklin, S., et al. (2014). Youth risk behavior surveillance — United States, 2013. MMWR 63(4), 1–168.
Muthén, B. O. (2004). Latent variable analysis: Growth mixture modeling and related techniques for longitudinal data. In D. Kaplan (Ed.), Handbook of quantitative methodology for the social sciences (pp. 34–36). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Muthén, B. O. (2016, January 29). Mplus Discussion > Latent Variable Mixture Modeling > LCA and Sampling Weights [online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://www.statmodel.com/discussion/messages/13/1202.html?1473360685.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2017). Mplus users guide. 7th edn. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Nagin, D. S. (1999). Analyzing developmental trajectories: A semiparametric group-based approach. Psychological Methods, 4, 139–157. CrossRef
Nagin, D. S. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. CrossRef
Nkansah-Amakra, S. (2013). Adolescent suicidal trajectories through young adulthood: Prospective assessment of religiosity and psychosocial factors among a population-based sample in the United States. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 43, 439–459. CrossRef
Nylund, K. L., Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. O. (2007). Deciding on the number of classes in latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling: A Monte Carlo simulation study. Structural Equation Modeling, 14, 535–569. CrossRef
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401. CrossRef
Vermunt, J. K. (2003). Multilevel latent class models. In R. M. Stolzenberg (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp. 213–239). Washington, DC: American Sociological Association.
Windle, M. (2004). Suicidal behaviors and alcohol use among adolescents: A developmental psychopathology perspective. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 28, 29S–37S. CrossRef
- Epidemiology of Suicide Attempts among Youth Transitioning to Adulthood
Martie P. Thompson
- Springer US