Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

22-06-2018 | Original Paper

Enhanced Sensitivity to Angry Voices in People with Features of the Broader Autism Phenotype

Auteurs: Valerie M. Z. Yap, Neil M. McLachlan, Ingrid E. Scheffer, Sarah J. Wilson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study examined whether the ability to recognize vocal emotional expressions is negatively related to features of the Broader Autism Phenotype (BAP) in the general population. We assessed 61 typically developing adults on a BAP self-report measure (Broader Autism Phenotype Questionnaire) and a purpose-developed online emotion recognition task for efficient delivery of non-linguistic vocal stimuli corresponding to the six basic emotions. Contrary to expectations, we found that higher self-ratings of rigid BAP traits correlated with better recognition accuracy and higher intensity ratings for angry voices. We interpret this anger-specific association as an advantage for enhanced threat detection in the BAP and discuss this finding in the broader context of personality research and interpersonal theory.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRef
go back to reference Ashwin, C., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006). Finding a face in the crowd: Testing the anger superiority effect in Asperger Syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 61, 78–95.CrossRefPubMed Ashwin, C., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006). Finding a face in the crowd: Testing the anger superiority effect in Asperger Syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 61, 78–95.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Carson, R. C. (1969). Interaction concepts of personality. Chicago: Aldine. Carson, R. C. (1969). Interaction concepts of personality. Chicago: Aldine.
go back to reference Constantino, J., & Gruber, C. (2005). Social Responsiveness Scale. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Constantino, J., & Gruber, C. (2005). Social Responsiveness Scale. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Faso, D. J., Corretti, C. A., Ackerman, R. B., & Sasson, N. J. (2016). The broad autism phenotype predicts relationship outcomes in newly formed college roommates. Autism, 20(4), 412–424.CrossRefPubMed Faso, D. J., Corretti, C. A., Ackerman, R. B., & Sasson, N. J. (2016). The broad autism phenotype predicts relationship outcomes in newly formed college roommates. Autism, 20(4), 412–424.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fernald, A. (1988). Human maternal vocalizations to infants as biologically relevant signals: An evolutionary perspective. In J. H. Barkow, L. Cosmides & J. Tooby (Eds.), The adapted mind: Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture (pp. 391–428). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Fernald, A. (1988). Human maternal vocalizations to infants as biologically relevant signals: An evolutionary perspective. In J. H. Barkow, L. Cosmides & J. Tooby (Eds.), The adapted mind: Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture (pp. 391–428). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Gerdts, J., Bernier, R., Dawson, G., & Estes, A. (2013). The broader autism phenotype in simplex and multiplex families. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 1597–1605.CrossRefPubMed Gerdts, J., Bernier, R., Dawson, G., & Estes, A. (2013). The broader autism phenotype in simplex and multiplex families. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 1597–1605.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gomez, R., Gomez, A., & Cooper, A. (2002). Neuroticism and extraversion as predictors of negative and positive emotional information processing: Comparing Eysenck’s, Gray’s, and Newman’s theories. European Journal of Personality, 16(5), 333–350. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.459.CrossRef Gomez, R., Gomez, A., & Cooper, A. (2002). Neuroticism and extraversion as predictors of negative and positive emotional information processing: Comparing Eysenck’s, Gray’s, and Newman’s theories. European Journal of Personality, 16(5), 333–350. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​per.​459.CrossRef
go back to reference Grandjean, D. (2005). The voices of wrath: Brain responses to angry prosody in meaningless speech. Nature Neuroscience, 8(2), 145.CrossRefPubMed Grandjean, D. (2005). The voices of wrath: Brain responses to angry prosody in meaningless speech. Nature Neuroscience, 8(2), 145.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Johnstone, T., & Scherer, K. R. (2000). Vocal communication of emotion. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland (Eds.), The handbook of emotions (pp. 220–235). New York: Guilford. Johnstone, T., & Scherer, K. R. (2000). Vocal communication of emotion. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland (Eds.), The handbook of emotions (pp. 220–235). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Kadak, M. T., Demirel, O. F., Yavuz, M., & Demir, T. (2014). Recognition of emotional facial expressions and broad autism phenotype in parents of children diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55, 1146–1151.CrossRefPubMed Kadak, M. T., Demirel, O. F., Yavuz, M., & Demir, T. (2014). Recognition of emotional facial expressions and broad autism phenotype in parents of children diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55, 1146–1151.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kunihira, Y., Senju, A., Dairoku, H., Wakabayashi, A., & Hasegawa, T. (2006). ‘Autistic’ traits in non-autistic Japanese populations: Relationships with personality traits and cognitive ability. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(4), 553–566.CrossRefPubMed Kunihira, Y., Senju, A., Dairoku, H., Wakabayashi, A., & Hasegawa, T. (2006). ‘Autistic’ traits in non-autistic Japanese populations: Relationships with personality traits and cognitive ability. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(4), 553–566.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Leary, T. (1957). Interpersonal diagnosis of personality. New York: Ronald Press. Leary, T. (1957). Interpersonal diagnosis of personality. New York: Ronald Press.
go back to reference Losh, M., Childress, D., Lam, K., & Piven, J. (2008). Defining key features of the broad autism phenotype: A comparison across parents of multiple- and single-incidence autism families. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 147B, 424–433. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.30612.CrossRef Losh, M., Childress, D., Lam, K., & Piven, J. (2008). Defining key features of the broad autism phenotype: A comparison across parents of multiple- and single-incidence autism families. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 147B, 424–433. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​ajmg.​b.​30612.CrossRef
go back to reference Schultz, P. W., Stone, W. F., & Christie, R. (1997). Authoritarianism and mental rigidity: The Einstellung problem revisited. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23(1), 3–9.CrossRef Schultz, P. W., Stone, W. F., & Christie, R. (1997). Authoritarianism and mental rigidity: The Einstellung problem revisited. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23(1), 3–9.CrossRef
go back to reference Sokal, R. R., & Rohlf, F. J. (1995). Biometry: The principles and practice of statistics in biological research (3rd edn.). New York: W H Freeman. Sokal, R. R., & Rohlf, F. J. (1995). Biometry: The principles and practice of statistics in biological research (3rd edn.). New York: W H Freeman.
go back to reference Virkud, Y. V., Todd, R. D., Abbacchi, A. M., Zhang, Y., & Constantino, J. N. (2009). Familial aggregation of quantitative autistic traits in multiplex versus simplex autism. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B: Neuropyschiatric Genetics, 150B(3), 328–334. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.30810.CrossRef Virkud, Y. V., Todd, R. D., Abbacchi, A. M., Zhang, Y., & Constantino, J. N. (2009). Familial aggregation of quantitative autistic traits in multiplex versus simplex autism. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B: Neuropyschiatric Genetics, 150B(3), 328–334. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​ajmg.​b.​30810.CrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Metagegevens
Titel
Enhanced Sensitivity to Angry Voices in People with Features of the Broader Autism Phenotype
Auteurs
Valerie M. Z. Yap
Neil M. McLachlan
Ingrid E. Scheffer
Sarah J. Wilson
Publicatiedatum
22-06-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3641-7

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2018

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2018 Naar de uitgave