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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2015

01-02-2015

Emotional Variability in Mother-Adolescent Conflict Interactions and Internalizing Problems of Mothers and Adolescents: Dyadic and Individual Processes

Auteurs: Daniëlle Van der Giessen, Tom Hollenstein, William W. Hale III, Hans M. Koot, Wim Meeus, Susan Branje

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2015

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Abstract

Emotional variability reflects the ability to flexibly switch among a broad range of positive and negative emotions from moment-to-moment during interactions. Emotional variability during mother-adolescent conflict interactions is considered to be important for healthy socio-emotional functioning of mothers and adolescents. The current observational study examined whether dyadic emotional variability, maternal emotional variability, and adolescent emotional variability during conflict interactions in early adolescence predicted mothers’ and adolescents’ internalizing problems five years later. We used data from 92 mother-adolescent dyads (Mage T1 = 13.05; 65.20 % boys) who were videotaped at T1 while discussing a conflict. Emotional variability was derived from these conflict interactions and it was observed for mother-adolescent dyads, mothers and adolescents separately. Mothers and adolescents also completed questionnaires in early adolescence (T1) and five years later in late adolescence (T6) on mothers’ internalizing problems, and adolescents’ anxiety and depressive symptoms. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that less dyadic emotional variability in early adolescence predicted relative increases in mothers’ internalizing problems, adolescents’ depressive symptoms, and adolescents’ anxiety symptoms from early to late adolescence. Less maternal emotional variability only predicted relative increases in adolescents’ anxiety symptoms over time. The emotional valence (e.g., types of emotions expressed) of conflict interactions did not moderate the results. Taken together, findings highlighted the importance of considering limited emotional variability during conflict interactions in the development, prevention, and treatment of internalizing problems of mothers and adolescents.
Voetnoten
1
We checked whether results were the same when using the duration of positive affect and the duration of negative affect instead of the emotional valence and similar results were found. In order to reduce the number of variables in our analysis we decided to retain the emotional valence in current analyses.
 
2
Results of these analyses can be obtained from the first author upon request.
 
3
Results of these analyses can be obtained from the first author upon request.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Emotional Variability in Mother-Adolescent Conflict Interactions and Internalizing Problems of Mothers and Adolescents: Dyadic and Individual Processes
Auteurs
Daniëlle Van der Giessen
Tom Hollenstein
William W. Hale III
Hans M. Koot
Wim Meeus
Susan Branje
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2015
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9910-9

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