Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 5/2021

22-06-2020 | Original Article

Emotional SNARC: emotional faces affect the impact of number magnitude on gaze patterns

Auteurs: Ivan Blanco, Ines Nieto, Carmelo Vazquez

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 5/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) effect is characterised by a spatial cognitive representation of low numbers to the left side of space and high numbers to the right side of space. This effect has been found using a diversity of stimuli and experimental paradigms. However, the influence of emotional stimuli on this effect remains unclear. In this study, the SNARC effect is analysed in relation to pairs of emotional facial stimuli (happy–neutral, sad–neutral and happy–sad pairs). Gaze patterns of 151 participants were analysed when exposed to a free-viewing eye-tracking paradigm consisting of pairs of emotional faces preceded by small and large numbers. Replicating previous results, a standard SNARC effect was found independently of the emotional expressions of the faces (i.e., there was a significant linear trend of number magnitude in the frequency of first fixations of the gaze to the left side space). However, specific slope analyses revealed that the SNARC effect was influenced by the spatial position of each emotion presented in the emotional pairs. Specifically, the effect disappeared in happy–neutral trials, when the happy faces were allocated in the right position and also in happy–sad trials when two emotional stimuli were simultaneously displayed. The study revealed that the SNARC effect is sensitive to the spatial position of emotional stimuli which further adds to other known limits of the phenomenon. The limitations of the study and its implications in the area of cognition and emotion are also discussed.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Fias, W., & Fischer, M. H. (2005). Spatial representation of numbers. In J. I. D. Campbell (Ed.), Handbook of mathematical cognition (pp. 43–54). New York: Psychology Press. Fias, W., & Fischer, M. H. (2005). Spatial representation of numbers. In J. I. D. Campbell (Ed.), Handbook of mathematical cognition (pp. 43–54). New York: Psychology Press.
go back to reference Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (1997). Motivated attention: Affect, activation, and action. In P. J. Lang, R. F. Simons, & M. Balaban (Eds.), Attention and orienting: Sensory and motivational processes (pp. 97–135). New Jersey: Routledge. Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (1997). Motivated attention: Affect, activation, and action. In P. J. Lang, R. F. Simons, & M. Balaban (Eds.), Attention and orienting: Sensory and motivational processes (pp. 97–135). New Jersey: Routledge.
go back to reference López-Gómez, I., Hervás, G., & Vázquez, C. (2015). Adaptación de la “Escala de afecto positivo y negativo” (PANAS) en una muestra general española. Bahavior Psychology/Psicología Conductual, 23(3), 529–548. López-Gómez, I., Hervás, G., & Vázquez, C. (2015). Adaptación de la “Escala de afecto positivo y negativo” (PANAS) en una muestra general española. Bahavior Psychology/Psicología Conductual, 23(3), 529–548.
go back to reference Lundqvist, D., Flykt, A., Öhman, A. (1998). The karolinska directed emotional faces - KDEF [CD ROM]. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology section, Karolinska Institutet, (ISBN: 91-630-7164-9). Lundqvist, D., Flykt, A., Öhman, A. (1998). The karolinska directed emotional faces - KDEF [CD ROM]. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology section, Karolinska Institutet, (ISBN: 91-630-7164-9).
go back to reference van Gompel, R. P., Fischer, M. H., Murray, W. S., & Hill, R. L. (2007). Eye-movement research: An overview of current and past developments. In R. P. van Gompel, M. H. Fischer, W. S. Murray, & R. L. Hill (Eds.), Eye movements: A window on mind and brain (pp. 1–28). Amsterdam: Elsevier. van Gompel, R. P., Fischer, M. H., Murray, W. S., & Hill, R. L. (2007). Eye-movement research: An overview of current and past developments. In R. P. van Gompel, M. H. Fischer, W. S. Murray, & R. L. Hill (Eds.), Eye movements: A window on mind and brain (pp. 1–28). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Metagegevens
Titel
Emotional SNARC: emotional faces affect the impact of number magnitude on gaze patterns
Auteurs
Ivan Blanco
Ines Nieto
Carmelo Vazquez
Publicatiedatum
22-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01375-4