Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The purpose of this study was to examine a model of factors that place psychiatrically hospitalized girls at risk for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). The role of familial and peer interpersonal difficulties, as well as emotional dysregulation, were examined in relationship to NSSI behaviors. Participants were 99 adolescent girls (83.2% Caucasian; M age = 16.08) admitted to a psychiatric hospital. Structural equation modeling indicated the primacy of emotional dysregulation as an underlying process placing adolescents at risk for NSSI and mediating the influence of interpersonal problems through the family and peer domains. When family and peer relationships were characterized by conflict and lack of support for managing emotions, adolescents reported more dysregulated emotion processes. Family relational problems were directly and indirectly related to NSSI through emotional dysregulation. The indirect processes of peer relational problems, through emotional dysregulation, were significantly associated with NSSI frequency and severity. The findings suggest that the process by which interpersonal difficulties contribute to NSSI is complex, and is at least partially dependent on the nature of the interpersonal problems and emotion processes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for ASEBA School-Age Forms &Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Bradley, S. J. (2000). Affect regulation and the development of psychopathology. New York: Guilford Press.
Bukowski, W. M., & Hoza, B. (1989). Popularity and friendship: Issues in theory, measurement, and outcome. In T. J. Berndt & G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Peer relationship in child development (pp. 15–45). Oxford: Wiley.
Cicchetti, D., Ackerman, B. P., & Izard, C. (1995). Emotions and emotion regulation in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 1–10. CrossRef
Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. (1998). The development of depression in children and adolescents. American Psychologist, 52, 221–241. CrossRef
Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1996). Children's treatment by peers: Victims of relational and overt aggression. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 367–380. CrossRef
Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., McCauley, E., Smith, C. J., Vasilev, C. A., & Stevens, A. L. (2008). Parent-child interactions, peripheral serotonin, and self-inflicted injury in adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 15–21. CrossRef
Furman, W., & Buhrmester, D. (1985). Children’s perceptions of the personal relationships in their social networks. Developmental Psychology, 21, 1016–1024. CrossRef
Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gratz, K. L. (2003). Risk factors for and functions of deliberate self-harm: An empirical and conceptual review. Clinical Science and Practice, 10, 192–205. CrossRef
Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–54. CrossRef
Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Two factors index of social position. CT: New Haven.
Inderbitzen, H. M. (1994). Adolescent peer social competence: A critical review of assessment methodologies and instruments. In T. H. Ollendick & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical psychology (Vol. 16, pp. 227–259). New York: Plenum Press.
Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
Magai, C. (1996). Emotions as a child. Unpublished manuscript. Brooklyn: Long Island University.
Moos, R. H., & Moos, B. S. (1994). Family Environment Scale Manual. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Nixon, M. K., Cloutin, P. F., & Aggarwal, S. (2002). Affect regulation and addictive aspects of repetitive self-injury in hospitalized adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 1333–1341. CrossRef
Olweus, D. (1978). Aggression in the schools: Bullies and whipping boys. Oxford: Hemisphere.
Parker, J. G., & Asher, S. R. (1993). Friendship and friendship quality in middle childhood: Links with peer group acceptance and feelings of loneliness and social dissatisfaction. Developmental Psychology, 29, 611–621. CrossRef
Pennebaker, J. W., Booth, R. J., & Francis, M. E. (2007a). The Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count: LIWC2007 Language Analysis Manual. Austin: LIWC Inc.
Pennebaker, J. W., Chung, C. K., Ireland, M., Gonzales, A., & Booth, R. J. (2007b). The development and psychometric properties of LIWC2007. Austin: LIWC Inc.
Penza-Clyve, S., & Zeman, J. (2002). Initial validation of the Emotion Expression Scale for Children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 450–457.
Perry-Parrish, C., & Zeman, J. (in press). Relations among sadness regulation, peer acceptance, and social functioning in early adolescence: The role of gender. Social Development.
Prinstein, M. J. (2003). Social factors: Peer relationships. In A. Spirito & J. C. Overholser (Eds.), Evaluating and treating adolescent suicide attempters: From research to practice (pp. 193–209). New York: Academic.
Reifman, A., & Windle, M. (1995). Adolescent suicidal behaviors as a function of depression, hopelessness, alcohol use, and social support: A longitudinal investigation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 328–354. CrossRef
Ross, S., & Heath, N. (2002). A study of the frequency of self-mutilation in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31, 67–77. CrossRef
Saarni, C., Mumme, D., & Campos, J. (1998). Emotional development: Action, communication, and understanding. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.), Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 237–311). Vol. 3 of W. Damon (Series Ed.), Handbook of child psychology. New York: Wiley.
Sim, L., Adrian, M., Zeman, J., Cassano, M., & Friedrich, W. N. (2009). Adolescent deliberate self-harm: Linkages to emotion regulation and family emotional climate. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19, 75–91. CrossRef
Spirito, A., Brown, L. R., Overholser, J. C., & Fritz, G. K. (1989). Attempted suicide in adolescence: Current findings and implications for future research and clinical practice. Clinical Psychology Review, 9, 335–363. CrossRef
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics, Fourth Edition. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. In N.A. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and behavioral considerations. Monographs for the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 25–52.
Wagner, B. M. (1997). Family risk factors for child and adolescent suicidal behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 246–298. CrossRef
Zeman, J., Shipman, K., & Suveg, C. (2002). Anger and sadness regulation: Predictions to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 393–398. PubMed
- Emotional Dysregulation and Interpersonal Difficulties as Risk Factors for Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Adolescent Girls
- Springer US