Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2014

01-05-2014

Emotion Regulation Mediates the Association Between ADHD and Depressive Symptoms in a Community Sample of Youth

Auteurs: Karen E. Seymour, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, Derek K. Iwamoto, Gretchen Kurdziel, Laura MacPherson

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, emotion regulation (ER) ability, and depressive symptoms within a diverse community sample of 277 youth, ages 9–12 (56 % male). Participants were drawn from a larger study examining adolescent risk behaviors, and completed annual assessments over 3 years. Youth ADHD symptoms were assessed at Time 1 (T1) using the parent-reported Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale, ER was assessed with the parent-reported Emotion Regulation Checklist at Time 2 (T2), and youth depressive symptoms were assessed using the self-reported Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales at Time 3 (T3). Analyses examined T2 ER as a mediator between T1 ADHD symptoms (including the unique contributions of inattentive [IA] versus hyperactive/impulsive [HI] symptoms) and T3 depressive symptoms. Structural equation modeling (SEM) indicated the path model specified provided an excellent fit to the data. Tests of indirect effects suggested that T2 ER appears to be a significant mechanism that underlies the relationship between T1 ADHD and T3 depression, even when accounting for T1 oppositional defiant and depressive symptoms. Furthermore, while both T1 IA and HI symptoms had significant indirect effects on T3 depression through the mechanism T2 ER, HI proved a more robust predictor of T2 ER than IA. Results of this prospective study support cross-sectional findings pointing to ER as a potential mechanism linking ADHD and depressive symptoms in youth. Clinical implications and future directions are discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental (4th edition, text-revised). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental (4th edition, text-revised). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Anastopoulos, A. D., Smith, T. F., Garrett, M. E., Morrissey-Kane, E., Schatz, N. K., Sommer, J. L., et al. (2011). Self-Regulation of emotion, functional impairment, and comorbidity among children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 15, 583–592. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Anastopoulos, A. D., Smith, T. F., Garrett, M. E., Morrissey-Kane, E., Schatz, N. K., Sommer, J. L., et al. (2011). Self-Regulation of emotion, functional impairment, and comorbidity among children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 15, 583–592. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Arnett, A. B., Pennington, B. F., Willcutt, E., Dmitrieva, J., Byrne, B., Samuelsson, S., et al. (2012). A cross-lagged model of development of ADHD inattention symptoms and rapid naming speed. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 1313–1326. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Arnett, A. B., Pennington, B. F., Willcutt, E., Dmitrieva, J., Byrne, B., Samuelsson, S., et al. (2012). A cross-lagged model of development of ADHD inattention symptoms and rapid naming speed. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 1313–1326. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Avenevoli, S., Knight, E., Kessler, R. C., & Merikangas, K. (2008). Epidemiology of depression in children and adolescents. In J. Z. Abela & B. L. Hankin (Eds.), Handbook of depression in children and adolescents (pp. 6–32). New York: Guilford Press. Avenevoli, S., Knight, E., Kessler, R. C., & Merikangas, K. (2008). Epidemiology of depression in children and adolescents. In J. Z. Abela & B. L. Hankin (Eds.), Handbook of depression in children and adolescents (pp. 6–32). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65–94. CrossRefPubMed Barkley, R. A. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65–94. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (2006). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. Barkley, R. A. (2006). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Barkley, R. A., & Fischer, M. (2010). The unique contribution of emotional impulsiveness to impairment in major life activities in hyperactive children as adults. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 503–513. Barkley, R. A., & Fischer, M. (2010). The unique contribution of emotional impulsiveness to impairment in major life activities in hyperactive children as adults. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 503–513.
go back to reference Biederman, J., Faraone, S., Milberger, S., Guite, J., Mick, E., Chen, L., et al. (1996). A prospective 4-year follow-up study of attention-deficit hyperactivity and related disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 437–446. CrossRefPubMed Biederman, J., Faraone, S., Milberger, S., Guite, J., Mick, E., Chen, L., et al. (1996). A prospective 4-year follow-up study of attention-deficit hyperactivity and related disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 437–446. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Biederman, J., Ball, S., Monuteaux, M., Mick, E., Spencer, T., McCreary, M., et al. (2008). New insights into the comorbidity between ADHD and major depression in adolescent and young adult females. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 426–434. CrossRef Biederman, J., Ball, S., Monuteaux, M., Mick, E., Spencer, T., McCreary, M., et al. (2008). New insights into the comorbidity between ADHD and major depression in adolescent and young adult females. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 426–434. CrossRef
go back to reference Birmaher, B., Ryan, N. D., Williamson, D. E., & Brent, D. A. (1996). Childhood and adolescent depression: a review of the past 10 years, part II. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1575–1583. CrossRef Birmaher, B., Ryan, N. D., Williamson, D. E., & Brent, D. A. (1996). Childhood and adolescent depression: a review of the past 10 years, part II. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1575–1583. CrossRef
go back to reference Bussing, R., Mason, D. M., Bell, L., Porter, P., & Garvan, C. (2010). Adolescent outcomes of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a diverse community sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 595–605. Bussing, R., Mason, D. M., Bell, L., Porter, P., & Garvan, C. (2010). Adolescent outcomes of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a diverse community sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 595–605.
go back to reference Chaplin, T. M., Cole, P. M., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2005). Parental socialization of emotion expression: gender differences and relations to child adjustment. Emotion, 5, 80–88. CrossRefPubMed Chaplin, T. M., Cole, P. M., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2005). Parental socialization of emotion expression: gender differences and relations to child adjustment. Emotion, 5, 80–88. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., Yim, L., Moffitt, C., Umemoto, L. A., & Francis, S. E. (2000). Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: a revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 835–855. CrossRefPubMed Chorpita, B. F., Yim, L., Moffitt, C., Umemoto, L. A., & Francis, S. E. (2000). Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: a revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 835–855. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chronis-Tuscano, A., Molina, B. G., Pelham, W. E., Applegate, B., Dahlke, A., Overmyer, M., et al. (2010). Very early predictors of adolescent depression and suicide attempts in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67, 1044–1051. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Chronis-Tuscano, A., Molina, B. G., Pelham, W. E., Applegate, B., Dahlke, A., Overmyer, M., et al. (2010). Very early predictors of adolescent depression and suicide attempts in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67, 1044–1051. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Cole, D. A., & Maxwell, S. E. (2003). Testing mediational models with longitudinal data: questions and tips in the use of structural equation modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 558–577. CrossRefPubMed Cole, D. A., & Maxwell, S. E. (2003). Testing mediational models with longitudinal data: questions and tips in the use of structural equation modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 558–577. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cole, P. M., Teti, L. O., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2003). Mutual emotion regulation and the stability of conduct problems between preschool and early school age. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 1–18. CrossRefPubMed Cole, P. M., Teti, L. O., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2003). Mutual emotion regulation and the stability of conduct problems between preschool and early school age. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 1–18. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Compas, B. E., Jaser, S. S., & Benson, M. A. (2009). Coping and emotion regulation: Implications for understanding depression during adolescence. In S. Nolen-Hoeksema & L. M. Hilt (Eds.), Handbook of depression in adolescents (pp. 419–440). New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group. Compas, B. E., Jaser, S. S., & Benson, M. A. (2009). Coping and emotion regulation: Implications for understanding depression during adolescence. In S. Nolen-Hoeksema & L. M. Hilt (Eds.), Handbook of depression in adolescents (pp. 419–440). New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
go back to reference Copeland, W. E., Shanahan, L., Costello, E. J., & Angold, A. (2009). Childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders as predictors of young adult disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66, 764–772. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Copeland, W. E., Shanahan, L., Costello, E. J., & Angold, A. (2009). Childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders as predictors of young adult disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66, 764–772. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Cuthbert, B. N., & Insel, T. R. (2010). Toward new approaches to psychotic disorders: the NIMH research domain criteria project. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36, 1061–1062. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Cuthbert, B. N., & Insel, T. R. (2010). Toward new approaches to psychotic disorders: the NIMH research domain criteria project. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36, 1061–1062. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Daviss, W. (2008). A review of co-morbid depression in pediatric ADHD: etiologies, phenomenology, and treatment. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 18, 565–571. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Daviss, W. (2008). A review of co-morbid depression in pediatric ADHD: etiologies, phenomenology, and treatment. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 18, 565–571. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Daviss, W., Diler, R., & Birmaher, B. (2009). Associations of lifetime depression with trauma exposure, other environmental adversities, and impairment in adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 857–871. CrossRefPubMed Daviss, W., Diler, R., & Birmaher, B. (2009). Associations of lifetime depression with trauma exposure, other environmental adversities, and impairment in adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 857–871. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Durbin, C., & Shafir, D. (2008). Emotion regulation and risk for depression. In J. R. Z. Abela & H. L. Hankin (Eds.), Handbook of depression in children and adolescents (pp. 149–176). New York: Guilford. Durbin, C., & Shafir, D. (2008). Emotion regulation and risk for depression. In J. R. Z. Abela & H. L. Hankin (Eds.), Handbook of depression in children and adolescents (pp. 149–176). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Eisenberg, N., & Spinrad, T. L. (2004). Emotion-related regulation: sharpening the definition. Child Development, 75, 334–339. CrossRefPubMed Eisenberg, N., & Spinrad, T. L. (2004). Emotion-related regulation: sharpening the definition. Child Development, 75, 334–339. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Elia, J., Ambrosini, P., & Berrettini, W. (2008). ADHD characteristics: I. concurrent co-morbidity patterns in children & adolescents. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2, 15. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Elia, J., Ambrosini, P., & Berrettini, W. (2008). ADHD characteristics: I. concurrent co-morbidity patterns in children & adolescents. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2, 15. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Enders, C. K. (2001). A primer on maximum likelihood algorithms available for use with missing data. Structural Equation Modeling, 8, 128–141. CrossRef Enders, C. K. (2001). A primer on maximum likelihood algorithms available for use with missing data. Structural Equation Modeling, 8, 128–141. CrossRef
go back to reference Feng, X., Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Henneberger, A., Rischall, M., Butch, J., et al. (2009). Longitudinal associations between emotion regulation and depression in preadolescent girls: moderation by the caregiving environment. Developmental Psychology, 45, 798–808. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Feng, X., Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Henneberger, A., Rischall, M., Butch, J., et al. (2009). Longitudinal associations between emotion regulation and depression in preadolescent girls: moderation by the caregiving environment. Developmental Psychology, 45, 798–808. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Fergusson, D. M., Lynskey, M. T., & Horwood, L. J. (1993). The effect of maternal depression on maternal ratings of child behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 245–269. CrossRefPubMed Fergusson, D. M., Lynskey, M. T., & Horwood, L. J. (1993). The effect of maternal depression on maternal ratings of child behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 245–269. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Garber, J., Braafladt, N., & Weiss, B. (1995). Affect regulation in depressed and nondepressed children and young adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 93–115. CrossRef Garber, J., Braafladt, N., & Weiss, B. (1995). Affect regulation in depressed and nondepressed children and young adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 93–115. CrossRef
go back to reference Han, Z.R., & Shaffer, A. (2012). The relation of parental emotion dysregulation to children's psychopathology symptoms: the moderating role of child emotion dysregulation. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 43, 591–601. Han, Z.R., & Shaffer, A. (2012). The relation of parental emotion dysregulation to children's psychopathology symptoms: the moderating role of child emotion dysregulation. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 43, 591–601.
go back to reference Hinshaw, S.P., Owens, E.B., Zalecki, C., Huggins, S.P., Montenegro-Nevado, A.J., Schrodek, E., et al. (2012). Prospective follow-up of girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into early adulthood: continuing impairment includes elevated risk for suicide attempts and self-injury. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Advance online publication. doi: 10.​1037/​a0029451. Hinshaw, S.P., Owens, E.B., Zalecki, C., Huggins, S.P., Montenegro-Nevado, A.J., Schrodek, E., et al. (2012). Prospective follow-up of girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into early adulthood: continuing impairment includes elevated risk for suicide attempts and self-injury. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Advance online publication. doi: 10.​1037/​a0029451.
go back to reference James, A., Lai, F., & Dahl, C. (2004). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and suicide: a review of possible associations. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110, 408–415. CrossRefPubMed James, A., Lai, F., & Dahl, C. (2004). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and suicide: a review of possible associations. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110, 408–415. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jensen, P. S., Shervette, R. E., Xenakis, S. N., & Richters, J. (1993). Anxiety and depressive disorders in attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity: new findings. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 1203–1209. PubMed Jensen, P. S., Shervette, R. E., Xenakis, S. N., & Richters, J. (1993). Anxiety and depressive disorders in attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity: new findings. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 1203–1209. PubMed
go back to reference Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Duax, J., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Loeber, R. (2004). Phenomenology of depression in young girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 1098–1106. CrossRef Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Duax, J., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Loeber, R. (2004). Phenomenology of depression in young girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 1098–1106. CrossRef
go back to reference Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Feng, X., Babinski, D., Hinze, A., Rischall, M., et al. (2008). Subthreshold symptoms of depression in preadolescent girls are stable and predictive of depressive disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 1433–1442. CrossRef Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Feng, X., Babinski, D., Hinze, A., Rischall, M., et al. (2008). Subthreshold symptoms of depression in preadolescent girls are stable and predictive of depressive disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 1433–1442. CrossRef
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Avenevoli, S., & Merikangas, K. (2001). Mood disorders in children and adolescents: an epidemiologic perspective. Biological Psychiatry, 49, 1002–1014. CrossRefPubMed Kessler, R. C., Avenevoli, S., & Merikangas, K. (2001). Mood disorders in children and adolescents: an epidemiologic perspective. Biological Psychiatry, 49, 1002–1014. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lahey, B. B., Chronis, A. M., Lee, S., Loney, J., Pelham, W. E., & Hartung, C. M. (2007). Are there sex differences in the predictive validity of DSM-IV ADHD among younger children? Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 113–126. CrossRefPubMed Lahey, B. B., Chronis, A. M., Lee, S., Loney, J., Pelham, W. E., & Hartung, C. M. (2007). Are there sex differences in the predictive validity of DSM-IV ADHD among younger children? Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 113–126. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Larson, R., Raffaelli, M., Richards, M., Ham, M., & Jewell, L. (1990). Ecology of depression in late childhood and early adolescence: a profile of daily states and activities. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99, 92–102. CrossRefPubMed Larson, R., Raffaelli, M., Richards, M., Ham, M., & Jewell, L. (1990). Ecology of depression in late childhood and early adolescence: a profile of daily states and activities. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99, 92–102. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lee, S., Lahey, B., Owens, E., & Hinshaw, S. (2008). Few preschool boys and girls with ADHD are well-adjusted during adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 373–383. CrossRefPubMed Lee, S., Lahey, B., Owens, E., & Hinshaw, S. (2008). Few preschool boys and girls with ADHD are well-adjusted during adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 373–383. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Levy, F., & Hay, D. A. (2001). Attention, genes, and ADHD. New York: Brunner-Routledge. Levy, F., & Hay, D. A. (2001). Attention, genes, and ADHD. New York: Brunner-Routledge.
go back to reference Lewinsohn, P. M., Hops, H., Roberts, R. E., Seeley, J. R., & Andrews, J. A. (1993). Adolescent psychopathology: I. prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III—R disorders in high school students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 133–144. CrossRefPubMed Lewinsohn, P. M., Hops, H., Roberts, R. E., Seeley, J. R., & Andrews, J. A. (1993). Adolescent psychopathology: I. prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III—R disorders in high school students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 133–144. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lewis-Morrarty, E., O’Brien, K.A., Thomas, S.R., Mazursky-Horrowitz, H., & Chronis-Tuscano, A. (2013, June). Adapting Parent-Child Interaction Therapy–Emotion Development for preschoolers with ADHD: Targeting comorbidity. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, Leuven, Belgium. Lewis-Morrarty, E., O’Brien, K.A., Thomas, S.R., Mazursky-Horrowitz, H., & Chronis-Tuscano, A. (2013, June). Adapting Parent-Child Interaction Therapy–Emotion Development for preschoolers with ADHD: Targeting comorbidity. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, Leuven, Belgium.
go back to reference Little, R. J. (1988). A test of missing completely at random for multivariate data with missing values. Journal of American Statistical Association, 83, 1198–1202. CrossRef Little, R. J. (1988). A test of missing completely at random for multivariate data with missing values. Journal of American Statistical Association, 83, 1198–1202. CrossRef
go back to reference Luby, J. L., Lenze, S., & Tillman, R. (2012). A novel early intervention for preschool depression: findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 313–322. CrossRef Luby, J. L., Lenze, S., & Tillman, R. (2012). A novel early intervention for preschool depression: findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 313–322. CrossRef
go back to reference MacKinnon, D. P., Fritz, M. S., Williams, J., & Lockwood, C. M. (2007). Distribution of the product confidence limits for the indirect effect: program PRODCLIN. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 384–389. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed MacKinnon, D. P., Fritz, M. S., Williams, J., & Lockwood, C. M. (2007). Distribution of the product confidence limits for the indirect effect: program PRODCLIN. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 384–389. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Maedgen, J. W., & Carlson, C. L. (2000). Social functioning and emotion regulation in attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder subtypes. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 30–42. CrossRefPubMed Maedgen, J. W., & Carlson, C. L. (2000). Social functioning and emotion regulation in attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder subtypes. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 30–42. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Marcus, D. K., & Barry, T. D. (2011). Does attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder have a latent structure? A taxometric analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120, 427–442. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Marcus, D. K., & Barry, T. D. (2011). Does attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder have a latent structure? A taxometric analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120, 427–442. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Martel, M. M. (2009). A new perspective on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: emotion dysregulation and trait models. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 50, 1042–1051. CrossRef Martel, M. M. (2009). A new perspective on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: emotion dysregulation and trait models. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 50, 1042–1051. CrossRef
go back to reference Martel, M. M., & Nigg, J. T. (2006). Child ADHD and personality/temperament traits of reactive and effortful control, resiliency, and emotionality. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 1175–1183 Martel, M. M., & Nigg, J. T. (2006). Child ADHD and personality/temperament traits of reactive and effortful control, resiliency, and emotionality. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 1175–1183
go back to reference Martel, M. M., & Nigg, J. T. (2009). Child ADHD and personality/temperament traits of reactive an effortful control, resiliency and emotionality. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 1437–1444. Martel, M. M., & Nigg, J. T. (2009). Child ADHD and personality/temperament traits of reactive an effortful control, resiliency and emotionality. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 1437–1444.
go back to reference Martel, M. M., Nigg, J. T., & von Eye, A. (2009). How do trait dimensions map onto ADHD symptom dimensions? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 337–348. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Martel, M. M., Nigg, J. T., & von Eye, A. (2009). How do trait dimensions map onto ADHD symptom dimensions? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 337–348. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Martel, M. M., Roberts, B., Gremillion, M., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. T. (2011). External validation of bifactor model of ADHD: explaining heterogeneity in psychiatric comorbidity, cognitive control, and personality trait profiles within DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 1111–1123. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Martel, M. M., Roberts, B., Gremillion, M., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. T. (2011). External validation of bifactor model of ADHD: explaining heterogeneity in psychiatric comorbidity, cognitive control, and personality trait profiles within DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 1111–1123. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Maxwell, S. E., & Cole, D. A. (2007). Bias in cross-sectional analyses of longitudinal mediation. Psychological Methods, 12, 23–44. CrossRefPubMed Maxwell, S. E., & Cole, D. A. (2007). Bias in cross-sectional analyses of longitudinal mediation. Psychological Methods, 12, 23–44. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Melnick, S. M., & Hinshaw, S. P. (2000). Emotion regulation and parenting in AD/HD and comparison boys: linkages with social behaviors and peer preference. Journal of Abnormal Child, 28, 73–86. CrossRef Melnick, S. M., & Hinshaw, S. P. (2000). Emotion regulation and parenting in AD/HD and comparison boys: linkages with social behaviors and peer preference. Journal of Abnormal Child, 28, 73–86. CrossRef
go back to reference Monuteaux, M. C., Faraone, S. V., Gross, L., & Biederman, J. (2007). Predictors, clinical characteristics, and outcome of conduct disorder in girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a longitudinal study. Psychological Medicine, 37, 1731–1741. CrossRefPubMed Monuteaux, M. C., Faraone, S. V., Gross, L., & Biederman, J. (2007). Predictors, clinical characteristics, and outcome of conduct disorder in girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a longitudinal study. Psychological Medicine, 37, 1731–1741. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Morris, A. S., Robinson, L. R., & Eisenberg, N. (2006). Applying a multimethod perspective to the study of developmental psychology. In M. Eid & E. Diener (Eds.), Handbook of multimethod measurement in psychology (pp. 371–384). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Morris, A. S., Robinson, L. R., & Eisenberg, N. (2006). Applying a multimethod perspective to the study of developmental psychology. In M. Eid & E. Diener (Eds.), Handbook of multimethod measurement in psychology (pp. 371–384). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P. (2006). Unique and interactive effects of neuroticism and effortful control on psychopathological symptoms in non-clinical adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1409–1419. CrossRef Muris, P. (2006). Unique and interactive effects of neuroticism and effortful control on psychopathological symptoms in non-clinical adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1409–1419. CrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P., van der Pennen, E., Sigmond, R., & Mayer, B. (2008). Symptoms of anxiety, depression, and aggression in non-clinical children: relationships with self-report and performance-based measures of attention and effortful control. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 455–467. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Muris, P., van der Pennen, E., Sigmond, R., & Mayer, B. (2008). Symptoms of anxiety, depression, and aggression in non-clinical children: relationships with self-report and performance-based measures of attention and effortful control. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 455–467. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Muthen, L., & Muthen, B. (2008). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthen & Muthen. Muthen, L., & Muthen, B. (2008). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthen & Muthen.
go back to reference Naninck, E. F. G., Lucassen, P. J., & Bakker, J. (2011). Sex differences in adolescent depression: do sex hormones determine vulnerability? Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 23, 383–392. CrossRefPubMed Naninck, E. F. G., Lucassen, P. J., & Bakker, J. (2011). Sex differences in adolescent depression: do sex hormones determine vulnerability? Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 23, 383–392. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nigg, J. T. (2006). Temperament and developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 47, 395–422. CrossRefPubMed Nigg, J. T. (2006). Temperament and developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 47, 395–422. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nigg, J. T., Goldsmith, H. H., & Sachek, J. (2004). Temperament and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the development of a multiple pathway model. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 42–53. CrossRefPubMed Nigg, J. T., Goldsmith, H. H., & Sachek, J. (2004). Temperament and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the development of a multiple pathway model. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 42–53. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nikolas, M. A., & Burt, S. A. (2010). Genetic and environmental influences on ADHD symptom dimensions of inattention and hyperactivity: a meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 1–17. CrossRefPubMed Nikolas, M. A., & Burt, S. A. (2010). Genetic and environmental influences on ADHD symptom dimensions of inattention and hyperactivity: a meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 1–17. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2012). Emotion regulation and psychopathology: the role of gender. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 8, 161–187. CrossRefPubMed Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2012). Emotion regulation and psychopathology: the role of gender. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 8, 161–187. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Morrow, J., & Fredrickson, B. L. (1993). Response styles and the duration of episodes of depressed mood. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 20–28. CrossRefPubMed Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Morrow, J., & Fredrickson, B. L. (1993). Response styles and the duration of episodes of depressed mood. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 20–28. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Norvilitis, J., Casey, R., Brooklier, K., & Bonello, P. (2000). Emotion appraisal in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and their parents. Journal of Attention Disorders, 4, 15–26. CrossRef Norvilitis, J., Casey, R., Brooklier, K., & Bonello, P. (2000). Emotion appraisal in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and their parents. Journal of Attention Disorders, 4, 15–26. CrossRef
go back to reference Oldehinkel, A. J., Hartman, C. A., Ferdinand, R. F., Verhulst, F. C., & Ormel, J. (2007). Effortful control as modifier of the association between negative emotionality and adolescents’ mental health problems. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 523–539. CrossRefPubMed Oldehinkel, A. J., Hartman, C. A., Ferdinand, R. F., Verhulst, F. C., & Ormel, J. (2007). Effortful control as modifier of the association between negative emotionality and adolescents’ mental health problems. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 523–539. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pelham, W. E., Gnagy, E. M., Greenslade, K. E., & Milich, R. (1992). Teacher ratings of DSM-III-R symptoms for the disruptive behavior disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child, 31, 210–218. CrossRef Pelham, W. E., Gnagy, E. M., Greenslade, K. E., & Milich, R. (1992). Teacher ratings of DSM-III-R symptoms for the disruptive behavior disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child, 31, 210–218. CrossRef
go back to reference Pelham, W. E., Fabiano, G. A., & Massetti, G. M. (2005). Evidence-based assessment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 449–476. CrossRefPubMed Pelham, W. E., Fabiano, G. A., & Massetti, G. M. (2005). Evidence-based assessment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 449–476. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Piehler, T. F., Veronneau, M. H., & Dishion, T. J. (2012). Substance use progression from adolescence to early adulthood: effortful control in the context of friendship influence and early-onset use. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 1045–58. Piehler, T. F., Veronneau, M. H., & Dishion, T. J. (2012). Substance use progression from adolescence to early adulthood: effortful control in the context of friendship influence and early-onset use. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 1045–58.
go back to reference Polanczyk, G., & Jensen, P. (2008). Epidemiologic considerations in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a review and update. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 17(2), 245–260. CrossRefPubMed Polanczyk, G., & Jensen, P. (2008). Epidemiologic considerations in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a review and update. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 17(2), 245–260. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Reijntjes, A., Stegge, H., Terwogt, M. M., & Hurkens, E. (2007). Children’s depressive symptoms and their regulation of negative affect in response to vignette depicted emotion-eliciting events. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 49–58. CrossRef Reijntjes, A., Stegge, H., Terwogt, M. M., & Hurkens, E. (2007). Children’s depressive symptoms and their regulation of negative affect in response to vignette depicted emotion-eliciting events. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 49–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Rothbart, M. K., & Posner, M. I. (2006). Temperament, attention, and developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology (Developmental neuroscience, Vol. 2, pp. 465–501). Hoboken: Wiley. Rothbart, M. K., & Posner, M. I. (2006). Temperament, attention, and developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology (Developmental neuroscience, Vol. 2, pp. 465–501). Hoboken: Wiley.
go back to reference Rucklidge, J. J. (2010). Gender differences in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 33, 357–373. CrossRefPubMed Rucklidge, J. J. (2010). Gender differences in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 33, 357–373. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Seymour, K. E., Chronis-Tuscano, A. M., Halldorsdottir, T., Owens, K., & Sacks, T. (2011). Emotion regulation mediates the relationship between ADHD and depressive symptoms in youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 595–606. CrossRef Seymour, K. E., Chronis-Tuscano, A. M., Halldorsdottir, T., Owens, K., & Sacks, T. (2011). Emotion regulation mediates the relationship between ADHD and depressive symptoms in youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 595–606. CrossRef
go back to reference Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Dulcan, M. K., & Davies, M. (1996). The NIMH diagnostic interview schedule for children version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): description, acceptability, prevalence rates, and performance in the MECA study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 865–877. CrossRefPubMed Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Dulcan, M. K., & Davies, M. (1996). The NIMH diagnostic interview schedule for children version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): description, acceptability, prevalence rates, and performance in the MECA study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 865–877. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shaw, P., Gilliam, M., Liverpool, M., Weddle, C., Malek, M., Sharp, W., et al. (2011). Cortical development in typically developing children with symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity: support for a dimensional view of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 143–151. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Shaw, P., Gilliam, M., Liverpool, M., Weddle, C., Malek, M., Sharp, W., et al. (2011). Cortical development in typically developing children with symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity: support for a dimensional view of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 143–151. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Shields, A. M., & Cicchetti, D. (1997). Emotion regulation in school-age children: the development of a new criterion Q-sort scale. Developmental Psychology, 33, 906–916. CrossRefPubMed Shields, A. M., & Cicchetti, D. (1997). Emotion regulation in school-age children: the development of a new criterion Q-sort scale. Developmental Psychology, 33, 906–916. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shields, A., Ryan, R. M., & Cicchetti, D. (2001). Narrative representations of caregivers and emotion dysregulation as predictors of maltreated children’s rejection by peers. Developmental Psychology, 37, 321–337. CrossRefPubMed Shields, A., Ryan, R. M., & Cicchetti, D. (2001). Narrative representations of caregivers and emotion dysregulation as predictors of maltreated children’s rejection by peers. Developmental Psychology, 37, 321–337. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., & Morris, A. (2003). Adolescents’ emotion regulation in daily fife: links to depressive symptoms and problem behavior. Child Development, 74, 1869–1880. CrossRefPubMed Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., & Morris, A. (2003). Adolescents’ emotion regulation in daily fife: links to depressive symptoms and problem behavior. Child Development, 74, 1869–1880. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Singh, S., Ellis, C., Winton, A., Singh, N., Leung, J., & Oswald, D. (1998). Recognition of facial expressions of emotion by children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Behavior Modification, 22(2), 128–142. CrossRefPubMed Singh, S., Ellis, C., Winton, A., Singh, N., Leung, J., & Oswald, D. (1998). Recognition of facial expressions of emotion by children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Behavior Modification, 22(2), 128–142. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2005). Causal models of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: from common simple deficits to multiple developmental pathways. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1231–1238. CrossRefPubMed Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2005). Causal models of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: from common simple deficits to multiple developmental pathways. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1231–1238. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Southam-Gerow, M. A., Rodríguez, A., Chorpita, B. F., & Daleiden, E. (2012). Dissemination and implementation of evidence based treatments for youth: challenges and recommendations. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43, 527–534. CrossRef Southam-Gerow, M. A., Rodríguez, A., Chorpita, B. F., & Daleiden, E. (2012). Dissemination and implementation of evidence based treatments for youth: challenges and recommendations. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43, 527–534. CrossRef
go back to reference Spence, S. H. (1997). Structure of anxiety symptoms among children: a confirmatory factor analytic study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 280–297. CrossRefPubMed Spence, S. H. (1997). Structure of anxiety symptoms among children: a confirmatory factor analytic study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 280–297. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Steiger, J. H. (1980). Tests for comparing elements of a correlation matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 87, 245–251. CrossRef Steiger, J. H. (1980). Tests for comparing elements of a correlation matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 87, 245–251. CrossRef
go back to reference Stringaris, A., & Goodman, R. (2009). Longitudinal outcome of youth oppositionality: irritability, headstrong, and hurtful behaviors have distinctive predictions. Journal of the American Academies of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 404–412. CrossRef Stringaris, A., & Goodman, R. (2009). Longitudinal outcome of youth oppositionality: irritability, headstrong, and hurtful behaviors have distinctive predictions. Journal of the American Academies of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 404–412. CrossRef
go back to reference Stringaris, A., Cohen, P., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2009). Adult outcomes of youth irritability: a 20 year prospective community-based study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 1048–1054. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Stringaris, A., Cohen, P., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2009). Adult outcomes of youth irritability: a 20 year prospective community-based study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 1048–1054. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Stringaris, A., Zavos, H., Leibenluft, E., Maughan, B., & Eley, T. C. (2012). Adolescent irritability: phenotypic associations and genetic associations with depressed mood. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 47–54. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed Stringaris, A., Zavos, H., Leibenluft, E., Maughan, B., & Eley, T. C. (2012). Adolescent irritability: phenotypic associations and genetic associations with depressed mood. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 47–54. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Thompson, R. A., Lewis, M. D., & Calkins, S. D. (2008). Reassessing emotion regulation. Child Development Perspectives, 2, 124–131. CrossRef Thompson, R. A., Lewis, M. D., & Calkins, S. D. (2008). Reassessing emotion regulation. Child Development Perspectives, 2, 124–131. CrossRef
go back to reference Tofighi, D., & MacKinnon, D. P. (2011). RMediation: A R package for mediation analysis confidence intervals. Behavioral Research, 43, 692–700. CrossRef Tofighi, D., & MacKinnon, D. P. (2011). RMediation: A R package for mediation analysis confidence intervals. Behavioral Research, 43, 692–700. CrossRef
go back to reference Verstraeten, K., Vasey, M. W., Raes, F., & Bijttebier, P. (2009). Temperament and risk for depressive symptoms in adolescence: mediation by rumination and moderation by effortful control. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 349–361. CrossRefPubMed Verstraeten, K., Vasey, M. W., Raes, F., & Bijttebier, P. (2009). Temperament and risk for depressive symptoms in adolescence: mediation by rumination and moderation by effortful control. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 349–361. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Walcott, C., & Landau, S. (2004). The relation between disinhibition and emotion regulation in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 772–782. CrossRefPubMed Walcott, C., & Landau, S. (2004). The relation between disinhibition and emotion regulation in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 772–782. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zahn-Waxler, C., Shirtcliff, E. A., & Marceau, K. (2008). Disorders of childhood and adolescence: gender and psychopathology. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4, 275–303. CrossRefPubMed Zahn-Waxler, C., Shirtcliff, E. A., & Marceau, K. (2008). Disorders of childhood and adolescence: gender and psychopathology. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4, 275–303. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zeman, J., Klimes-Dougan, B., Cassano, M., & Adrian, M. (2007). Measurement issues in emotion research with children and adolescents. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 14, 377–401. Zeman, J., Klimes-Dougan, B., Cassano, M., & Adrian, M. (2007). Measurement issues in emotion research with children and adolescents. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 14, 377–401.
Metagegevens
Titel
Emotion Regulation Mediates the Association Between ADHD and Depressive Symptoms in a Community Sample of Youth
Auteurs
Karen E. Seymour
Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
Derek K. Iwamoto
Gretchen Kurdziel
Laura MacPherson
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2014
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9799-8

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2014

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2014 Naar de uitgave