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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2011

01-12-2011 | Brief Report

Emotion Regulation in Depression: Reflection Predicts Recovery from a Major Depressive Episode

Auteurs: Kimberly A. Arditte, Jutta Joormann

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 6/2011

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Abstract

Little is known about the relation between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and the maintenance of clinical depression. This study examined whether frequency of use of four ER strategies (i.e., cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, reflection, and brooding) predicts recovery from a major depressive episode. At an initial appointment (Time 1), participants diagnosed with current major depressive disorder completed measures assessing symptom severity and use of ER strategies. Six months later (Time 2), participants were reassessed to determine diagnostic status (i.e., recovered or non-recovered). Results demonstrated that, after controlling for symptom severity, use of ER strategies predicted recovery status at Time 2. Specifically, use of reflection at Time 1 was a unique and significant predictor of greater chance for recovery. Results indicate that ER strategies may be utilized to predict long-term symptom maintenance and provide support for the proposition that reflection may be used adaptively among individuals diagnosed with depression.
Voetnoten
1
The predictive ability of the four ER strategies without controlling for Time 1 symptom severity was also examined. Results mirrored the primary analyses with reflection being the only significant predictor (β = .23, χ2 (1, N = 40) = 4.36, P < .05). No other ER strategies significantly predicted recovery status (all P’s > .05).
 
2
Because gender was found to be marginally related to recovery status, we further examined the predictive ability of reflection, controlling for both Time 1 BDI-II scores and gender. A logistic regression was conducted, entering BDI-II scores and gender in Block 1 and the four ER strategies in Block 2. Even after controlling for gender, reflection was still found to significantly predict recovery status (β = .28, χ2 (1, N = 38) = 4.43, P < .05). None of the other ER strategies were found to be significant predictors (all P’s > .05).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Emotion Regulation in Depression: Reflection Predicts Recovery from a Major Depressive Episode
Auteurs
Kimberly A. Arditte
Jutta Joormann
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 6/2011
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-011-9389-4