Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The present study explored when and how emotional difficulties and poor quality of life arise in the everyday lives of socially anxious individuals. 264 freshmen-year college students completed an online survey for 11 consecutive days. Comparing individuals high (HSA) and low in social anxiety, results revealed that irrespective of daily positive emotion differentiation ability, HSAs engaged daily emotion suppression strategies, pointing to inflexible emotion regulation. Furthermore, HSAs with poor daily negative emotion differentiation used the least daily cognitive reappraisal. Finally, both expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal showed group-specific effects on daily positive affect. Daily expressive suppression was more strongly associated with diminished daily positive affect in HSAs, and HSAs benefited less in terms of daily positive affect from daily use of cognitive reappraisal. Based on these findings, emotion differentiation ability and emotion regulation appear relevant clinical targets for individuals with social anxiety disorder.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abbott, M. J., & Rapee, R. M. (2004). Post-event rumination and negative self-appraisal in social phobia before and after treatment. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 133, 136–144. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). London: Psychology Press.
Connor Christensen, T., Feldman Barrett, L., Bliss-Moreau, E., Lebo, K., & Kaschub, C. (2003). A practical guide to experience sampling procedures. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4, 53–78. CrossRef
Eisenberg, N., Hofer, C., & Vaughan, J. (2007). Effortful control and its socioemotional consequences. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 287–306). New York: Guilford Press.
Feldman Barrett, L., Gross, J. J., Christensen, T. C., & Benvenuto, M. (2001). Knowing what you’re feeling and knowing what to do about it: Mapping the relation between emotion differentiation and emotion regulation. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 713–724. CrossRef
Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS Statistics (3rd ed.). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 3–24). New York: Guilford Press.
Hayes, S. D., Strosahl, K. D., Wilson, K. G., Bissett, R. T., Pistorello, J., Toarmino, D., et al. (2004). Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model. The Psychological Record, 54, 553–578.
Heck, R. H., Thomas, S., & Tabata, L. (2010). Multilevel and longitudinal modeling with IBM SPSS. New York: Routledge.
John, O. P., & Eng, J. (2014). Three approaches to individual differences in affect regulation: Conceptualization, measures, and findings. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (2nd ed., pp. 321–346). New York: Guilford Press.
Kashdan, T. B., Barrios, V., Forsyth, J. P., & Steger, M. F. (2006). Experiential avoidance as a generalized psychological vulnerability: Comparisons with coping and emotion regulation strategies. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 9, 1301–1320. CrossRef
Kashdan, T. B., & Collins, R. L. (2010). Social anxiety and the experience of positive emotions and anger in everyday life: An ecological momentary assessment approach. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 23, 259–272. CrossRef
Kashdan, T. B., & Rottenberg, J. (2010). Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of health. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 865–878.
Lasgaard, M., Goossens, L., Bramsen, R. H., Trillingsgaard, T., & Elklit, A. (2011). Different sources of loneliness are associated with different form of psychopathology in adolescence. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 233–237. CrossRef
Liebowitz, M. R. (1987). Social phobia. Modern Problems of Pharmacopsychiatry, 22, 141–173. PubMed
Mennin, D. S., Ellard, K. K., Fresco, D. M., & Gross, J. J. (2013). United we stand: Emphazising commonalities across cognitive-behavioral therapies. Behavior Therapy, 44, 234–248.
Reis, H. T., & Wheeler, L. (1991). Studying social interactions with the Rochester interaction record. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 24, 269–318. CrossRef
Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Goldman, S., Turvey, C., & Palfai, T. (1995). Emotional attention, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure, and health (pp. 125–154). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Sheppes, G., Scheibe, S., Suri, G., & Gross, J. J. (2011). Emotion-regulation choice. Psychological Science, 22, 1391–1396.
Singer, J. D., & Willett, J. B. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis: Modeling change and event occurrence. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Snijders, T. A. B., & Bosker, R. J. (2012). Multilevel analysis: An introduction to basic and advanced multilevel modeling (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publishers.
Turk, C. L., Heimberg, R. G., Luterek, J. A., Mennin, D. S., & Fresco, D. M. (2005). Emotion dysregulation in generalized anxiety disorder: A comparison with social anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 89–106. CrossRef
Werner, K. H., Goldin, P. R., Ball, T. M., Heimberg, R. G., & Gross, J. J. (2011). Assessing emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder: The emotion regulation interview. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 33, 346–354. CrossRef
Wranik, T., Barrett, L., & Salovey, P. (2007). Intelligent emotion regulation. Is knowledge power? In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 393–407). New York: Guilford Press.
- Emotion Differentiation and Emotion Regulation in High and Low Socially Anxious Individuals: An Experience-Sampling Study
Mia Skytte O’Toole
Morten Berg Jensen
Hanne Nørr Fentz
- Springer US