Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
It has been widely documented that individuals who explain negative life events with a depressogenic attributional style (stable, global attributions) tend to have increased rates of depression and other poor outcomes (e.g., Sweeny, Anderson, & Bailey, 1986). The Content Analysis of Verbatim Explanations (CAVE) is a method of assessing attributional style in spontaneously-generated causal attributions appearing in accounts of real events (Peterson, Schulman, Castellon, & Seligman, 1992). Seventy life story interviews obtained from a diverse community sample of midlife adults were coded for attributional style with the CAVE technique and also for the theme of contamination (scenes in which good events turn to bad outcomes, McAdams, Reynolds, Lewis, Patten, & Bowman, 2001). While depressogenic attributional style and contamination sequences were unrelated to each other, both were shown to independently predict self-reported depression and low life satisfaction. In addition, while the observed relationships between depressogenic attributional style and these self-report variables were no longer significant after controlling for neuroticism, a similar pattern was not observed for contamination sequences. This study forges possible connections between cognitive theories of depression and the narrative study of adult identity.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abramson, L. Y., Metalsky, G. I., & Alloy, L. B. (1989). Hopelessness depression: A theory-based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96( 2), 358–372. CrossRef
Contamination Sequence Coding Guidelines. (1998). The Foley Center for the Study of Lives.
Costa, P. T. Jr. & McCrae, R. R. (1985). The NEO Personality Inventory. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Ferraro, K. F., & Farmer, M. M. (1999). Utility of health data from social surveys: Is there a gold standard for measuring morbidity?. American Sociological Review, 64(2), 303–315. CrossRef
Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self identity: Self and society in the late modern age. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Haaga, D. A. F., Ahrens, A. H., Schulman, P., Seligman, M. E. P., DeRubeis, R. J., & Minarik, M. L. (1995). Metatraits and cognitive assessment: Application to attributional style and depressive symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 19(1), 121–142. CrossRef
Hart, H. M., McAdams, D. P., Hirsch, B. J., & Bauer, J. J. (2001). Generativity and social involvement among African Americans and white adults. Journal of Personality Research, 35, 208–230 (Citation of Most Important Article in JRP 2001 Award: JRP, 36, p. 189). CrossRef
Hermans, H. J. M. (1996). Voicing the self: From information processing to dialogical interchange. Psychological Bulletin, 1991, 31–50. CrossRef
John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. Pervin and O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford Press.
Josselson, R., & Lieblich, A. (Eds.). (1993). The narrative study of lives (Vol. 1). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Kamen, L. P., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1987). Explanatory style and health. Current Psychology: Research and Reviews, 6, 207–218. CrossRef
Kaplan, G. A., & Comacho, T. (1983). Perceived health and mortality: A nine-year follow-up of the Human Population Laboratory Cohort. American Journal of Epidemiology, 117, 292–304. PubMed
McAdams, D. P. (1993). The stories we live by: Personal myths and the making of the self. New York: William Morrow.
McAdams, D. P. (1995). What do we know when we know a person? Journal of Personality, 63(3), 365–396. CrossRef
McAdams, D. P. (1996). Personality, modernity, and the storied self: A contemporary framework for studying persons. Psychological Inquiry, 7(4), 295–321. CrossRef
McAdams, D. P. (2001). The psychology of life stories. Review of General Psychology, 5(2), 100–122. CrossRef
McAdams, D. P., & Bowman, P. J. (2001). Narrating life's turning points: Redemption and contamination. In D. P. McAdams, R. Jossleson, and A. Lieblich (Eds.). Turns in the road: Narrative studies of lives in transition (pp. 3–35). Washington, DC: APA Press.
McAdams, D. P., & de St. Aubin, E. (1992). A theory of generativity and its assessment through self-report, behavioral acts, and narrative themes in autobiography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 1003–1015. CrossRef
McAdams, D. P., Diamond, A., de St. Aubin, E., & Mansfield, E. (1997). Stories of commitment: The psychosocial construction of generative lives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 678–694. CrossRef
McAdams, D. P., Jossleson, R., & Lieblich, A. (2001). Turns in the road: Narrative studies of lives in transition. Washington, DC: APA Press.
McAdams, D. P., Lensky, D. B., Daple, S. A., & Allen, J. (1988). Depression and the organization of autobiographical memory. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7(4), 332–349.
McAdams, D. P., Reynolds, J., Lewis, M., Patten, A. H., & Bowman, P. J. (2001). When bad things turn good and good things turn bad: Sequences of redemption and contamination in life narrative and their relation to psychosocial adaptation in midlife adults and in students. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(4), 474–485. CrossRef
Peterson, C. (1983). Clouds and silver linings: Depressive symptoms and attributions about ostensibly good and bad events. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 7, 575–578. CrossRef
Peterson, C. (1991). The meaning and measurement of explanatory style. Psychological Inquiry, 2(1), 1–10. CrossRef
Peterson, C., Schulman, P., Castellon, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1992). CAVE: Content analysis of verbatim explanations. In C. P. Smith (Ed.), Motivation and personality: Handbook of thematic content analysis (pp. 383–392). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Peterson, C., Semmel, A., von Bayer, C., Abramson, L. Y., Metalsky, G. I., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1982). The Attributional Style Questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 6(3), 287–300. CrossRef
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385–401. CrossRef
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Interclass correlation: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86(2), 420–428. CrossRef
Shulman, P., Castellon, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1989). Assessing explanatory style: The content analysis of verbatim explanations and the attributional style questionnaire. Behavioral Research and Therapy, 27(5), 505–512. CrossRef
Singer, J. A., & Salovey, P. (1993). The remembered self: Emotion and memory in personality. New York: The Free Press.
Sweeny, P. D., Anderson, K., & Bailey, S. (1986). Attributional style in depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(5), 974–991. CrossRef
Woike, B. A. (1995). Most-memorable experiences: Evidence for a link between implicit and explicit motives and social cognitive processes in everyday life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 1081–1091. CrossRef
Zullow, H. M., Oettingen, G., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1988). Pessimistic explanatory style in the historical record: CAVing LBJ, presidential candidates, and East versus West Berlin. American Psychologist, 43(9), 673–682. CrossRef
- Emerging from the CAVE: Attributional Style and the Narrative Study of Identity in Midlife Adults
Jonathan M. Adler
Emily C. Kissel
Dan P. McAdams
- Springer US