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01-02-2013 | Original Article | Uitgave 1/2013

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2013

Emerging Adults’ Stress and Health: The Role of Parent Behaviors and Cognitions

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 1/2013
Auteurs:
Reesa Donnelly, Kimberly Renk, Cliff McKinney
Belangrijke opmerkingen
This manuscript is based on the dissertation of the first author under the supervision of the second author.

Abstract

Although parent behaviors and cognitions are important for stress/health outcomes throughout development, little research examines whether cognitions mediate the relationship between parent behaviors and stress/health outcomes. As a result, the current study examined the reports of 160 emerging adults regarding their mothers’ and fathers’ behaviors (via the Parental Bonding Instrument and Alabama Parenting Questionnaire), their cognitions (via the Stress Appraisal Measure, Negative Mood Regulation Scale, Life Orientation Test-Revised, General Self-Efficacy Scale, and Ruminative Response Scale-Abbreviated), and their stress/health outcomes (via the Perceived Stress Scale and Short-Form Health Survey). Results of this study suggested that emerging adults’ cognitions partially mediated the relationship between their mothers’ behaviors and their stress/health outcomes and fully mediated the relationship between their fathers’ behaviors and their stress/health outcomes. Future research should examine parent behaviors as important distal variables in emerging adults’ stress/health outcomes but should examine cognitions as more salient, immediate predictors of their stress/health outcomes.

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