Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

01-02-2021 | Original Article

Emergency Department Visits for Non-suicidal Self-harm, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicide Attempts in Children and Adolescents

Auteurs: Onur Tuğçe Poyraz Fındık, Ayşe Burcu Erdoğdu, Eray Fadıloğlu, Ayşe Rodopman Arman

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 2/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Self-harm presentations to emergency departments (ED) have become a growing concern, yet little is known about self-harm visits in pediatric EDs. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients who presented to the pediatric ED between 2012 and 2017 with non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH, n = 63, 60.3% female, M = 14.25 years), suicidal ideation (SI, n = 75, 57.3% female, M = 14.83 years), and suicide attempts (SA, n = 461, 82.9% female, M = 15.41 years). Also, predictors of SA were investigated. Of the patients, 79.4% had at least a psychiatric disorder. Depression was the most common diagnosis in the SI and SA groups, and autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability were the leading diagnoses in the NSSH group. Self-poisoning was the most common method, and older age, female sex, having relational problems, and prior or current psychiatric admissions were the most important predictive factors of SA. NSSH, SI, and SA exhibit different features in early life. EDs provide an important opportunity for initiating developmentally appropriate interventions to reduce future risks.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Hawton K, Saunders KE, O’Connor RC (2012) Self-harm and suicide in adolescents. Lancet 379(9834):2373–2382PubMedCrossRef Hawton K, Saunders KE, O’Connor RC (2012) Self-harm and suicide in adolescents. Lancet 379(9834):2373–2382PubMedCrossRef
2.
go back to reference World Health Organization (2019) Adolescent mental health. World Health Organization, Geneva World Health Organization (2019) Adolescent mental health. World Health Organization, Geneva
3.
go back to reference Mars B, Heron J, Klonsky ED, Moran P, O’Connor RC, Tilling K, Wilkinson P, Gunnell D (2019) Predictors of future suicide attempt among adolescents with suicidal thoughts or non-suicidal self-harm: a population-based birth cohort study. Lancet Psychiatry 6(4):327–337PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Mars B, Heron J, Klonsky ED, Moran P, O’Connor RC, Tilling K, Wilkinson P, Gunnell D (2019) Predictors of future suicide attempt among adolescents with suicidal thoughts or non-suicidal self-harm: a population-based birth cohort study. Lancet Psychiatry 6(4):327–337PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
4.
go back to reference Olfson M, Wall M, Wang S, Crystal S, Bridge JA, Liu S-M, Blanco C (2018) Suicide after deliberate self-harm in adolescents and young adults. Pediatrics 141(4):e20173517PubMedCrossRef Olfson M, Wall M, Wang S, Crystal S, Bridge JA, Liu S-M, Blanco C (2018) Suicide after deliberate self-harm in adolescents and young adults. Pediatrics 141(4):e20173517PubMedCrossRef
5.
go back to reference Pisinger VS, Hawton K, Tolstrup JS (2019) School-and class-level variation in self-harm, suicide ideation and suicide attempts in Danish high schools. Scand J Public Health 47(2):146–156PubMedCrossRef Pisinger VS, Hawton K, Tolstrup JS (2019) School-and class-level variation in self-harm, suicide ideation and suicide attempts in Danish high schools. Scand J Public Health 47(2):146–156PubMedCrossRef
6.
go back to reference Madge N, Hewitt A, Hawton K, Wilde EJd, Corcoran P, Fekete S, Kv H, Leo DD, Ystgaard M (2008) Deliberate self-harm within an international community sample of young people: comparative findings from the Child & Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49(6):667–677PubMedCrossRef Madge N, Hewitt A, Hawton K, Wilde EJd, Corcoran P, Fekete S, Kv H, Leo DD, Ystgaard M (2008) Deliberate self-harm within an international community sample of young people: comparative findings from the Child & Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49(6):667–677PubMedCrossRef
7.
go back to reference Geulayov G, Casey D, McDonald KC, Foster P, Pritchard K, Wells C, Clements C, Kapur N, Ness J, Waters K (2018) Incidence of suicide, hospital-presenting non-fatal self-harm, and community-occurring non-fatal self-harm in adolescents in England (the iceberg model of self-harm): a retrospective study. Lancet Psychiatry 5(2):167–174PubMedCrossRef Geulayov G, Casey D, McDonald KC, Foster P, Pritchard K, Wells C, Clements C, Kapur N, Ness J, Waters K (2018) Incidence of suicide, hospital-presenting non-fatal self-harm, and community-occurring non-fatal self-harm in adolescents in England (the iceberg model of self-harm): a retrospective study. Lancet Psychiatry 5(2):167–174PubMedCrossRef
8.
go back to reference Somer O, Bildik T, Kabukçu-Başay B, Güngör D, Başay Ö, Farmer RF (2015) Prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury and distinct groups of self-injurers in a community sample of adolescents. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 50(7):1163–1171PubMedCrossRef Somer O, Bildik T, Kabukçu-Başay B, Güngör D, Başay Ö, Farmer RF (2015) Prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury and distinct groups of self-injurers in a community sample of adolescents. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 50(7):1163–1171PubMedCrossRef
9.
go back to reference Clements C, Turnbull P, Hawton K, Geulayov G, Waters K, Ness J, Townsend E, Khundakar K, Kapur N (2016) Rates of self-harm presenting to general hospitals: a comparison of data from the Multicentre Study of Self-Harm in England and Hospital Episode Statistics. BMJ Open 6(2):e009749PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Clements C, Turnbull P, Hawton K, Geulayov G, Waters K, Ness J, Townsend E, Khundakar K, Kapur N (2016) Rates of self-harm presenting to general hospitals: a comparison of data from the Multicentre Study of Self-Harm in England and Hospital Episode Statistics. BMJ Open 6(2):e009749PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
10.
go back to reference Borschmann R, Becker D, Coffey C, Spry E, Moreno-Betancur M, Moran P, Patton GC (2017) 20-year outcomes in adolescents who self-harm: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 1(3):195–202PubMedCrossRef Borschmann R, Becker D, Coffey C, Spry E, Moreno-Betancur M, Moran P, Patton GC (2017) 20-year outcomes in adolescents who self-harm: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 1(3):195–202PubMedCrossRef
11.
go back to reference Herbert A, Gilbert R, Cottrell D, Li L (2017) Causes of death up to 10 years after admissions to hospitals for self-inflicted, drug-related or alcohol-related, or violent injury during adolescence: a retrospective, nationwide, cohort study. Lancet 390(10094):577–587PubMedCrossRef Herbert A, Gilbert R, Cottrell D, Li L (2017) Causes of death up to 10 years after admissions to hospitals for self-inflicted, drug-related or alcohol-related, or violent injury during adolescence: a retrospective, nationwide, cohort study. Lancet 390(10094):577–587PubMedCrossRef
12.
go back to reference Mars B, Heron J, Crane C, Hawton K, Lewis G, Macleod J, Tilling K, Gunnell D (2014) Clinical and social outcomes of adolescent self harm: population based birth cohort study. BMJ 349:g5954PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Mars B, Heron J, Crane C, Hawton K, Lewis G, Macleod J, Tilling K, Gunnell D (2014) Clinical and social outcomes of adolescent self harm: population based birth cohort study. BMJ 349:g5954PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
13.
go back to reference Bergen H, Hawton K, Waters K, Ness J, Cooper J, Steeg S, Kapur N (2012) Premature death after self-harm: a multicentre cohort study. Lancet 380(9853):1568–1574PubMedCrossRef Bergen H, Hawton K, Waters K, Ness J, Cooper J, Steeg S, Kapur N (2012) Premature death after self-harm: a multicentre cohort study. Lancet 380(9853):1568–1574PubMedCrossRef
14.
go back to reference Jacobson CM, Muehlenkamp JJ, Miller AL, Turner JB (2008) Psychiatric impairment among adolescents engaging in different types of deliberate self-harm. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 37(2):363–375CrossRef Jacobson CM, Muehlenkamp JJ, Miller AL, Turner JB (2008) Psychiatric impairment among adolescents engaging in different types of deliberate self-harm. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 37(2):363–375CrossRef
15.
go back to reference Chai Y, Luo H, Wong GH, Tang JY, Lam T-C, Wong IC, Yip PS (2020) Risk of self-harm after the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders in Hong Kong, 2000–10: a nested case-control study. Lancet Psychiatry 7(2):135–147PubMedCrossRef Chai Y, Luo H, Wong GH, Tang JY, Lam T-C, Wong IC, Yip PS (2020) Risk of self-harm after the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders in Hong Kong, 2000–10: a nested case-control study. Lancet Psychiatry 7(2):135–147PubMedCrossRef
16.
go back to reference Hawton K, Saunders K, Topiwala A, Haw C (2013) Psychiatric disorders in patients presenting to hospital following self-harm: a systematic review. J Affect Disord 151(3):821–830PubMedCrossRef Hawton K, Saunders K, Topiwala A, Haw C (2013) Psychiatric disorders in patients presenting to hospital following self-harm: a systematic review. J Affect Disord 151(3):821–830PubMedCrossRef
17.
go back to reference Nock MK, Green JG, Hwang I, McLaughlin KA, Sampson NA, Zaslavsky AM, Kessler RC (2013) Prevalence, correlates, and treatment of lifetime suicidal behavior among adolescents: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement. JAMA Psychiatry 70(3):300–310PubMedCrossRef Nock MK, Green JG, Hwang I, McLaughlin KA, Sampson NA, Zaslavsky AM, Kessler RC (2013) Prevalence, correlates, and treatment of lifetime suicidal behavior among adolescents: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement. JAMA Psychiatry 70(3):300–310PubMedCrossRef
18.
go back to reference Mayes SD, Gorman AA, Hillwig-Garcia J, Syed E (2013) Suicide ideation and attempts in children with autism. Res Autism Spectr Disord 7(1):109–119CrossRef Mayes SD, Gorman AA, Hillwig-Garcia J, Syed E (2013) Suicide ideation and attempts in children with autism. Res Autism Spectr Disord 7(1):109–119CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Kalb LG, Stuart EA, Freedman B, Zablotsky B, Vasa R (2012) Psychiatric-related emergency department visits among children with an autism spectrum disorder. Pediatr Emerg Care 28(12):1269–1276PubMedCrossRef Kalb LG, Stuart EA, Freedman B, Zablotsky B, Vasa R (2012) Psychiatric-related emergency department visits among children with an autism spectrum disorder. Pediatr Emerg Care 28(12):1269–1276PubMedCrossRef
20.
go back to reference Mapelli E, Black T, Doan Q (2015) Trends in pediatric emergency department utilization for mental health-related visits. J Pediatr 167(4):905–910PubMedCrossRef Mapelli E, Black T, Doan Q (2015) Trends in pediatric emergency department utilization for mental health-related visits. J Pediatr 167(4):905–910PubMedCrossRef
21.
go back to reference Hiscock H, Neely RJ, Lei S, Freed G (2018) Paediatric mental and physical health presentations to emergency departments, Victoria, 2008–15. Med J Aust 208(8):343–348PubMedCrossRef Hiscock H, Neely RJ, Lei S, Freed G (2018) Paediatric mental and physical health presentations to emergency departments, Victoria, 2008–15. Med J Aust 208(8):343–348PubMedCrossRef
22.
go back to reference Gardner W, Pajer K, Cloutier P, Zemek R, Currie L, Hatcher S, Colman I, Bell D, Gray C, Cappelli M (2019) Changing rates of self-harm and mental disorders by sex in youths presenting to Ontario emergency departments: repeated cross-sectional study. Can J Psychiatry 64(11):789–797PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Gardner W, Pajer K, Cloutier P, Zemek R, Currie L, Hatcher S, Colman I, Bell D, Gray C, Cappelli M (2019) Changing rates of self-harm and mental disorders by sex in youths presenting to Ontario emergency departments: repeated cross-sectional study. Can J Psychiatry 64(11):789–797PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
23.
go back to reference Perera J, Wand T, Bein KJ, Chalkley D, Ivers R, Steinbeck KS, Shields R, Dinh MM (2018) Presentations to NSW emergency departments with self-harm, suicidal ideation, or intentional poisoning, 2010–2014. Med J Aust 208(8):348–353PubMedCrossRef Perera J, Wand T, Bein KJ, Chalkley D, Ivers R, Steinbeck KS, Shields R, Dinh MM (2018) Presentations to NSW emergency departments with self-harm, suicidal ideation, or intentional poisoning, 2010–2014. Med J Aust 208(8):348–353PubMedCrossRef
24.
go back to reference Carroll R, Metcalfe C, Gunnell D (2014) Hospital presenting self-harm and risk of fatal and non-fatal repetition: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 9(2):e89944PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Carroll R, Metcalfe C, Gunnell D (2014) Hospital presenting self-harm and risk of fatal and non-fatal repetition: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 9(2):e89944PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
25.
go back to reference Gairin I, House A, Owens D (2003) Attendance at the accident and emergency department in the year before suicide: retrospective study. Br J Psychiatry 183(1):28–33PubMedCrossRef Gairin I, House A, Owens D (2003) Attendance at the accident and emergency department in the year before suicide: retrospective study. Br J Psychiatry 183(1):28–33PubMedCrossRef
26.
go back to reference Nadkarni A, Parkin A, Dogra N, Stretch DD, Evans PA (2000) Characteristics of children and adolescents presenting to accident and emergency departments with deliberate self harm. Emerg Med J 17(2):98–102CrossRef Nadkarni A, Parkin A, Dogra N, Stretch DD, Evans PA (2000) Characteristics of children and adolescents presenting to accident and emergency departments with deliberate self harm. Emerg Med J 17(2):98–102CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Mackay N, Barrowclough C (2005) Accident and emergency staff’s perceptions of deliberate self-harm: attributions, emotions and willingness to help. Br J Clin Psychol 44(2):255–267PubMedCrossRef Mackay N, Barrowclough C (2005) Accident and emergency staff’s perceptions of deliberate self-harm: attributions, emotions and willingness to help. Br J Clin Psychol 44(2):255–267PubMedCrossRef
28.
go back to reference Bridge JA, Marcus SC, Olfson M (2012) Outpatient care of young people after emergency treatment of deliberate self-harm. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 51(2):213–222PubMedCrossRef Bridge JA, Marcus SC, Olfson M (2012) Outpatient care of young people after emergency treatment of deliberate self-harm. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 51(2):213–222PubMedCrossRef
29.
go back to reference Doshi A, Boudreaux ED, Wang N, Pelletier AJ, Camargo CA Jr (2005) National study of US emergency department visits for attempted suicide and self-inflicted injury, 1997–2001. Ann Emerg Med 46(4):369–375PubMedCrossRef Doshi A, Boudreaux ED, Wang N, Pelletier AJ, Camargo CA Jr (2005) National study of US emergency department visits for attempted suicide and self-inflicted injury, 1997–2001. Ann Emerg Med 46(4):369–375PubMedCrossRef
30.
go back to reference Stewart JG, Esposito EC, Glenn CR, Gilman SE, Pridgen B, Gold J, Auerbach RP (2017) Adolescent self-injurers: comparing non-ideators, suicide ideators, and suicide attempters. J Psychiatr Res 84:105–112PubMedCrossRef Stewart JG, Esposito EC, Glenn CR, Gilman SE, Pridgen B, Gold J, Auerbach RP (2017) Adolescent self-injurers: comparing non-ideators, suicide ideators, and suicide attempters. J Psychiatr Res 84:105–112PubMedCrossRef
31.
go back to reference O’Connor RC, Wetherall K, Cleare S, Eschle S, Drummond J, Ferguson E, O’Connor DB, O’Carroll RE (2018) Suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-harm: national prevalence study of young adults. BJPsych Open 4(3):142–148PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef O’Connor RC, Wetherall K, Cleare S, Eschle S, Drummond J, Ferguson E, O’Connor DB, O’Carroll RE (2018) Suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-harm: national prevalence study of young adults. BJPsych Open 4(3):142–148PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
32.
go back to reference Kapur N, Cooper J, O’Connor RC, Hawton K (2013) Non-suicidal self-injury v. attempted suicide: new diagnosis or false dichotomy? Br J Psychiatry 202(5):326–328PubMedCrossRef Kapur N, Cooper J, O’Connor RC, Hawton K (2013) Non-suicidal self-injury v. attempted suicide: new diagnosis or false dichotomy? Br J Psychiatry 202(5):326–328PubMedCrossRef
33.
go back to reference Mars B, Heron J, Crane C, Hawton K, Kidger J, Lewis G, Macleod J, Tilling K, Gunnell D (2014) Differences in risk factors for self-harm with and without suicidal intent: findings from the ALSPAC cohort. J Affect Disord 168:407–414PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Mars B, Heron J, Crane C, Hawton K, Kidger J, Lewis G, Macleod J, Tilling K, Gunnell D (2014) Differences in risk factors for self-harm with and without suicidal intent: findings from the ALSPAC cohort. J Affect Disord 168:407–414PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
35.
go back to reference Ting SA, Sullivan AF, Boudreaux ED, Miller I, Camargo CA Jr (2012) Trends in US emergency department visits for attempted suicide and self-inflicted injury, 1993–2008. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 34(5):557–565PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Ting SA, Sullivan AF, Boudreaux ED, Miller I, Camargo CA Jr (2012) Trends in US emergency department visits for attempted suicide and self-inflicted injury, 1993–2008. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 34(5):557–565PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
36.
go back to reference Knipe D, Metcalfe C, Hawton K, Pearson M, Dawson A, Jayamanne S, Konradsen F, Eddleston M, Gunnell D (2019) Risk of suicide and repeat self-harm after hospital attendance for non-fatal self-harm in Sri Lanka: a cohort study. Lancet Psychiatry 6(8):659–666PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Knipe D, Metcalfe C, Hawton K, Pearson M, Dawson A, Jayamanne S, Konradsen F, Eddleston M, Gunnell D (2019) Risk of suicide and repeat self-harm after hospital attendance for non-fatal self-harm in Sri Lanka: a cohort study. Lancet Psychiatry 6(8):659–666PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
37.
go back to reference Zanus C, Battistutta S, Aliverti R, Montico M, Cremaschi S, Ronfani L, Monasta L, Carrozzi M (2017) Adolescent admissions to emergency departments for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors. PLoS ONE 12(1):e0170979PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Zanus C, Battistutta S, Aliverti R, Montico M, Cremaschi S, Ronfani L, Monasta L, Carrozzi M (2017) Adolescent admissions to emergency departments for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors. PLoS ONE 12(1):e0170979PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
38.
go back to reference Cloutier P, Martin J, Kennedy A, Nixon MK, Muehlenkamp JJ (2010) Characteristics and co-occurrence of adolescent non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal behaviours in pediatric emergency crisis services. J Youth Adolesc 39(3):259–269PubMedCrossRef Cloutier P, Martin J, Kennedy A, Nixon MK, Muehlenkamp JJ (2010) Characteristics and co-occurrence of adolescent non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal behaviours in pediatric emergency crisis services. J Youth Adolesc 39(3):259–269PubMedCrossRef
39.
go back to reference Olfson M, Gameroff MJ, Marcus SC, Greenberg T, Shaffer D (2005) Emergency treatment of young people following deliberate self-harm. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62(10):1122–1128PubMedCrossRef Olfson M, Gameroff MJ, Marcus SC, Greenberg T, Shaffer D (2005) Emergency treatment of young people following deliberate self-harm. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62(10):1122–1128PubMedCrossRef
40.
go back to reference Morgan C, Webb RT, Carr MJ, Kontopantelis E, Green J, Chew-Graham CA, Kapur N, Ashcroft DM (2017) Incidence, clinical management, and mortality risk following self harm among children and adolescents: cohort study in primary care. BMJ 359:j4351PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Morgan C, Webb RT, Carr MJ, Kontopantelis E, Green J, Chew-Graham CA, Kapur N, Ashcroft DM (2017) Incidence, clinical management, and mortality risk following self harm among children and adolescents: cohort study in primary care. BMJ 359:j4351PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
41.
go back to reference Goldman-Mellor S, Kwan K, Boyajian J, Gruenewald P, Brown P, Wiebe D, Cerdá M (2019) Predictors of self-harm emergency department visits in adolescents: a statewide longitudinal study. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 56:28–35PubMedCrossRef Goldman-Mellor S, Kwan K, Boyajian J, Gruenewald P, Brown P, Wiebe D, Cerdá M (2019) Predictors of self-harm emergency department visits in adolescents: a statewide longitudinal study. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 56:28–35PubMedCrossRef
42.
go back to reference Kelleher I, Lynch F, Harley M, Molloy C, Roddy S, Fitzpatrick C, Cannon M (2012) Psychotic symptoms in adolescence index risk for suicidal behavior: findings from 2 population-based case-control clinical interview studies. Arch Gen Psychiatry 69(12):1277–1283PubMedCrossRef Kelleher I, Lynch F, Harley M, Molloy C, Roddy S, Fitzpatrick C, Cannon M (2012) Psychotic symptoms in adolescence index risk for suicidal behavior: findings from 2 population-based case-control clinical interview studies. Arch Gen Psychiatry 69(12):1277–1283PubMedCrossRef
43.
go back to reference Harvey SB, Dean K, Morgan C, Walsh E, Demjaha A, Dazzan P, Morgan K, Lloyd T, Fearon P, Jones PB (2008) Self-harm in first-episode psychosis. Br J Psychiatry 192(3):178–184PubMedCrossRef Harvey SB, Dean K, Morgan C, Walsh E, Demjaha A, Dazzan P, Morgan K, Lloyd T, Fearon P, Jones PB (2008) Self-harm in first-episode psychosis. Br J Psychiatry 192(3):178–184PubMedCrossRef
44.
go back to reference Brausch AM, Gutierrez PM (2010) Differences in non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts in adolescents. J Youth Adolesc 39(3):233–242PubMedCrossRef Brausch AM, Gutierrez PM (2010) Differences in non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts in adolescents. J Youth Adolesc 39(3):233–242PubMedCrossRef
45.
go back to reference May AM, Klonsky ED (2016) What distinguishes suicide attempters from suicide ideators? A meta-analysis of potential factors. Clin Psychol Sci Pract 23(1):5–20 May AM, Klonsky ED (2016) What distinguishes suicide attempters from suicide ideators? A meta-analysis of potential factors. Clin Psychol Sci Pract 23(1):5–20
46.
go back to reference Klonsky ED, Muehlenkamp JJ (2007) Self-injury: a research review for the practitioner. J Clin Psychol 63(11):1045–1056PubMedCrossRef Klonsky ED, Muehlenkamp JJ (2007) Self-injury: a research review for the practitioner. J Clin Psychol 63(11):1045–1056PubMedCrossRef
47.
go back to reference Whitlock J, Muehlenkamp J, Eckenrode J, Purington A, Abrams GB, Barreira P, Kress V (2013) Nonsuicidal self-injury as a gateway to suicide in young adults. J Adolesc Health 52(4):486–492PubMedCrossRef Whitlock J, Muehlenkamp J, Eckenrode J, Purington A, Abrams GB, Barreira P, Kress V (2013) Nonsuicidal self-injury as a gateway to suicide in young adults. J Adolesc Health 52(4):486–492PubMedCrossRef
48.
go back to reference Maddox BB, Trubanova A, White SW (2017) Untended wounds: non-suicidal self-injury in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Autism 21(4):412–422PubMedCrossRef Maddox BB, Trubanova A, White SW (2017) Untended wounds: non-suicidal self-injury in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Autism 21(4):412–422PubMedCrossRef
49.
go back to reference Ruddick L, Davies L, Bacarese-Hamilton M, Oliver C (2015) Self-injurious, aggressive and destructive behaviour in children with severe intellectual disability: prevalence, service need and service receipt in the UK. Res Dev Disabil 45:307–315PubMedCrossRef Ruddick L, Davies L, Bacarese-Hamilton M, Oliver C (2015) Self-injurious, aggressive and destructive behaviour in children with severe intellectual disability: prevalence, service need and service receipt in the UK. Res Dev Disabil 45:307–315PubMedCrossRef
50.
go back to reference Kalb LG, Stuart EA, Mandell DS, Olfson M, Vasa RA (2017) Management of mental health crises among youths with and without ASD: a national survey of child psychiatrists. Psychiatr Serv 68(10):1039–1045PubMedCrossRef Kalb LG, Stuart EA, Mandell DS, Olfson M, Vasa RA (2017) Management of mental health crises among youths with and without ASD: a national survey of child psychiatrists. Psychiatr Serv 68(10):1039–1045PubMedCrossRef
51.
go back to reference Lilley R, Owens D, Horrocks J, House A, Noble R, Bergen H, Hawton K, Casey D, Simkin S, Murphy E (2008) Hospital care and repetition following self-harm: multicentre comparison of self-poisoning and self-injury. Br J Psychiatry 192(6):440–445PubMedCrossRef Lilley R, Owens D, Horrocks J, House A, Noble R, Bergen H, Hawton K, Casey D, Simkin S, Murphy E (2008) Hospital care and repetition following self-harm: multicentre comparison of self-poisoning and self-injury. Br J Psychiatry 192(6):440–445PubMedCrossRef
52.
go back to reference Lee J, Bang YS, Min S, Ahn J-S, Kim H, Cha Y-S, Park I-S, Kim M-H (2019) Characteristics of adolescents who visit the emergency department following suicide attempts: comparison study between adolescents and adults. BMC Psychiatry 19(1):231PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Lee J, Bang YS, Min S, Ahn J-S, Kim H, Cha Y-S, Park I-S, Kim M-H (2019) Characteristics of adolescents who visit the emergency department following suicide attempts: comparison study between adolescents and adults. BMC Psychiatry 19(1):231PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
53.
go back to reference Coppersmith DD, Nada-Raja S, Beautrais AL (2017) Non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts in a New Zealand birth cohort. J Affect Disord 221:89–96PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Coppersmith DD, Nada-Raja S, Beautrais AL (2017) Non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts in a New Zealand birth cohort. J Affect Disord 221:89–96PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
54.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, DCCrossRef American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, DCCrossRef
55.
go back to reference Fox KR, Millner AJ, Franklin JC (2016) Classifying nonsuicidal overdoses: nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide attempts, or neither? Psychiatry Res 244:235–242PubMedCrossRef Fox KR, Millner AJ, Franklin JC (2016) Classifying nonsuicidal overdoses: nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide attempts, or neither? Psychiatry Res 244:235–242PubMedCrossRef
56.
go back to reference Chartrand H, Kim H, Sareen J, Mahmoudi M, Bolton JM (2016) A comparison of methods of self-harm without intent to die: cutting versus self-poisoning. J Affect Disord 205:200–206PubMedCrossRef Chartrand H, Kim H, Sareen J, Mahmoudi M, Bolton JM (2016) A comparison of methods of self-harm without intent to die: cutting versus self-poisoning. J Affect Disord 205:200–206PubMedCrossRef
57.
go back to reference Hawton K, Bergen H, Waters K, Ness J, Cooper J, Steeg S, Kapur N (2012) Epidemiology and nature of self-harm in children and adolescents: findings from the multicentre study of self-harm in England. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 21(7):369–377PubMedCrossRef Hawton K, Bergen H, Waters K, Ness J, Cooper J, Steeg S, Kapur N (2012) Epidemiology and nature of self-harm in children and adolescents: findings from the multicentre study of self-harm in England. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 21(7):369–377PubMedCrossRef
58.
go back to reference Bennardi M, McMahon E, Corcoran P, Griffin E, Arensman E (2016) Risk of repeated self-harm and associated factors in children, adolescents and young adults. BMC Psychiatry 16(1):421PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bennardi M, McMahon E, Corcoran P, Griffin E, Arensman E (2016) Risk of repeated self-harm and associated factors in children, adolescents and young adults. BMC Psychiatry 16(1):421PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
59.
go back to reference Iannuzzi DA, Cheng ER, Broder-Fingert S, Bauman ML (2015) Brief report: emergency department utilization by individuals with autism. J Autism Dev Disord 45(4):1096–1102PubMedCrossRef Iannuzzi DA, Cheng ER, Broder-Fingert S, Bauman ML (2015) Brief report: emergency department utilization by individuals with autism. J Autism Dev Disord 45(4):1096–1102PubMedCrossRef
60.
go back to reference Vohra R, Madhavan S, Sambamoorthi U (2016) Emergency department use among adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). J Autism Dev Disord 46(4):1441–1454PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Vohra R, Madhavan S, Sambamoorthi U (2016) Emergency department use among adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). J Autism Dev Disord 46(4):1441–1454PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
61.
go back to reference Johnson JG, Cohen P, Gould MS, Kasen S, Brown J, Brook JS (2002) Childhood adversities, interpersonal difficulties, and risk for suicide attempts during late adolescence and early adulthood. Arch Gen Psychiatry 59(8):741–749PubMedCrossRef Johnson JG, Cohen P, Gould MS, Kasen S, Brown J, Brook JS (2002) Childhood adversities, interpersonal difficulties, and risk for suicide attempts during late adolescence and early adulthood. Arch Gen Psychiatry 59(8):741–749PubMedCrossRef
62.
go back to reference Hawton K, Fagg J, Simkin S (1996) Deliberate self-poisoning and self-injury in children and adolescents under 16 years of age in Oxford, 1976–1993. Br J Psychiatry 169(2):202–208PubMedCrossRef Hawton K, Fagg J, Simkin S (1996) Deliberate self-poisoning and self-injury in children and adolescents under 16 years of age in Oxford, 1976–1993. Br J Psychiatry 169(2):202–208PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Emergency Department Visits for Non-suicidal Self-harm, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicide Attempts in Children and Adolescents
Auteurs
Onur Tuğçe Poyraz Fındık
Ayşe Burcu Erdoğdu
Eray Fadıloğlu
Ayşe Rodopman Arman
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 2/2022
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01125-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2022

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2/2022 Naar de uitgave