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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2009

01-09-2009

Elucidating the Relation of Hoarding to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Impulse Control Disorders

Auteurs: Laura C. Hayward, Meredith E. Coles

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2009

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Abstract

Hoarding has historically been conceptualized as a symptom of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD); however, data demonstrate important differences between hoarding and OC symptoms (for discussion, see Grisham et al. Anxiety Disorders, 19, 767‑779. 2005). Hoarding has also been observed in disorders besides OCD, including specific Impulse Control Disorders (ICDs; e.g., kleptomania, trichotillomania, pathological gambling, compulsive buying). Therefore, the current study tested the hypothesis that hoarding would be as strongly related to symptoms of ICDs as it is to OCD and that these relationships would be medium to strong in magnitude. Results from an undergraduate sample showed hoarding behaviors were strongly related to symptoms of OCD, moderately related to symptoms of compulsive buying, and more modestly related to symptoms of pathological gambling, trichotillomania, and kleptomania. Finally, findings suggest indecisiveness may be a particularly important underlying feature in hoarding behaviors. These results support the consideration of hoarding outside the confines of OCD.
Voetnoten
1
Analyses were conducted to analyze potential group differences between those living alone versus those living with others (e.g., roommate, family), as it was hypothesized that living situation might influence saving behavior. Independent sample t-tests showed that living situation did not significantly impact SI-R scores (t (203) = -.16, p = .88). Therefore, study analyses were conducted using the entire sample.
 
2
Given that there were significant gender differences on the SI-R, SI-R difficulty discarding, SI-R clutter, CBS, and SOGS measures, the potential for gender moderation was examined. Therefore, the correlations shown in Table 2 were repeated according to gender. These results replicated the pattern of findings from the full sample. Finally, regression analyses also suggested that gender did not moderate the observed relationships using a corrected alpha level to address the number of tests (all interactions with gender resulted in p values greater than .01). Additional information is available upon request.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Elucidating the Relation of Hoarding to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Impulse Control Disorders
Auteurs
Laura C. Hayward
Meredith E. Coles
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2009
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-008-9106-0