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01-09-2009 | Uitgave 3/2009

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2009

Elucidating the Relation of Hoarding to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Impulse Control Disorders

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 3/2009
Auteurs:
Laura C. Hayward, Meredith E. Coles

Abstract

Hoarding has historically been conceptualized as a symptom of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD); however, data demonstrate important differences between hoarding and OC symptoms (for discussion, see Grisham et al. Anxiety Disorders, 19, 767‑779. 2005). Hoarding has also been observed in disorders besides OCD, including specific Impulse Control Disorders (ICDs; e.g., kleptomania, trichotillomania, pathological gambling, compulsive buying). Therefore, the current study tested the hypothesis that hoarding would be as strongly related to symptoms of ICDs as it is to OCD and that these relationships would be medium to strong in magnitude. Results from an undergraduate sample showed hoarding behaviors were strongly related to symptoms of OCD, moderately related to symptoms of compulsive buying, and more modestly related to symptoms of pathological gambling, trichotillomania, and kleptomania. Finally, findings suggest indecisiveness may be a particularly important underlying feature in hoarding behaviors. These results support the consideration of hoarding outside the confines of OCD.

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