Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Hoarding has historically been conceptualized as a symptom of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD); however, data demonstrate important differences between hoarding and OC symptoms (for discussion, see Grisham et al. Anxiety Disorders, 19, 767‑779. 2005). Hoarding has also been observed in disorders besides OCD, including specific Impulse Control Disorders (ICDs; e.g., kleptomania, trichotillomania, pathological gambling, compulsive buying). Therefore, the current study tested the hypothesis that hoarding would be as strongly related to symptoms of ICDs as it is to OCD and that these relationships would be medium to strong in magnitude. Results from an undergraduate sample showed hoarding behaviors were strongly related to symptoms of OCD, moderately related to symptoms of compulsive buying, and more modestly related to symptoms of pathological gambling, trichotillomania, and kleptomania. Finally, findings suggest indecisiveness may be a particularly important underlying feature in hoarding behaviors. These results support the consideration of hoarding outside the confines of OCD.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: Author.
Barkley, R. A., & Murphy, K. R. (1998). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A clinical workbook (2nd ed). New York: Guilford Press.
Black, D., Monahan, P., & Gabel, J. (1997). Fluvoxamine in the treatment of compulsive buying. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 58, 159–163. PubMed
Black, D. W., Monahan, P., Gabel, J., Blum, N., Clancy, G., & Baker, P. (1998). Hoarding and treatment response in 38 non-depressed subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 59, 420–425. PubMed
Faber, R. J., & O’Guinn, T. C. (1992). A clinical screener for compulsive buying. Journal of Consumer Research, 19, 459–469. CrossRef
Foa, E. B., Kozak, M. J., Salkovskis, P. M., Coles, M. E., & Amir, N. (1998). The validation of a new obsessive compulsive disorder scale: the obsessive-compulsive inventory. Psychological Assessment, 10, 206–214. CrossRef
Grant, J. E., & Kim, S. W. (2002b). An open-label study of naltrexone in the treatment of kleptomania. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 63, 349–356. PubMed
Greenberg, D., Witztum, E., & Levy, A. (1990). Hoarding as a psychiatric symptom. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 51, 417–421. PubMed
Grisham, J. R., & Barlow, D. H. (2005). Compulsive hoarding: current research and therapy. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 27, 45–52. CrossRef
Grisham, J. R., Brown, T. A., Liverant, G. I., & Campbell-Sills, L. (2005). The distinctiveness of compulsive hoarding from obsessive-compulsive disorder. Anxiety Disorders, 19, 767–779. CrossRef
Hajcak, G., Franklin, M. E., Simons, R. F., & Keuthen, N. J. (2006). Hairpulling and skin picking in relation to affective distress and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 28, 179–187. CrossRef
Hollander, E. (2005). Obsessive-compulsive disorder and spectrum across the life span. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 9, 79–86. CrossRef
Lesieur, H. R., & Blume, S. B. (1987). The South Oaks gambling screen (SOGS): a new instrument for the identification of pathological gamblers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1184–1188. PubMed
Little, R. J. A., & Rubin, D. B. (1987). Statistical analysis with missing data. New York: Wiley and Sons.
McElroy, S., Keck, P., Pope, H., Smith, J., & Strakowski, S. (1994). Compulsive buying: a report of 20 cases. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 55, 242–248. PubMed
Meng, X. L., Rosenthal, R., & Rubin, D. B. (1992). Comparing correlated correlation coefficients. Psychological Bulletin, 111, 172–175. CrossRef
Rasmussen, S. A., & Eisen, J. A. (1992). The epidemiology and clinical features of obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 15, 743–758. PubMed
Shafer, J. L., & Graham, J. W. (2002). Missing data: our view of the state of the art. Psychological Methods, 7, 147–177. CrossRef
Simonds, L. M., Thorpe, S. J., & Elliott, S. A. (2000). The obsessive compulsive inventory: psychometric properties in a nonclinical student sample. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 28, 153–159.
Tabachnik, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed). Boston: Pearson, Allyn, & Bacon.
- Elucidating the Relation of Hoarding to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Impulse Control Disorders
Laura C. Hayward
Meredith E. Coles
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505