Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10803-015-2560-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
According to the weak central coherence (CC) account individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) exhibit enhanced local processing and weak part-whole integration. CC was investigated in the verbal domain. Adolescents, recruited using a 2 (ASD status) by 2 (language impairment status) design, completed an aural forced choice comprehension task involving syntactically ambiguous sentences. Half the picture targets depicted the least plausible interpretation, resulting in longer RTs across groups. These were assumed to reflect local processing. There was no ASD by plausibility interaction and consequently little evidence for weak CC in the verbal domain when conceptualised as enhanced local processing. Furthermore, there was little evidence that the processing of syntactically ambiguous sentences differed as a function of ASD or language-impairment status.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 91 kb)10803_2015_2560_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., Medlrum, D., & Charman, T. (2006). Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames—the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP). The Lancet, 368(9531), 210–215. CrossRef
Bialystok, E., & Ryan, E. B. (1985). A metacognitive framework for the development of first and second language skills. Metacognition, Cognition, and Human Performance, 1, 207–252.
Chamberlain, R., McManus, I. C., Riley, H., Rankin, Q., & Brunswick, N. (2013). Local processing enhancements associated with superior observational drawing are due to enhanced perceptual functioning, not weak central coherence. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66(7), 1448–1466. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2012.750678. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
Conti-Ramsden, G., Botting, N., & Faragher, B. (2001). Psycholinguistic markers for specific language impairment (SLI). The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 42(6), 741–748. CrossRef
Crain, S., & Steedman, M. (1985). On not being led up the garden path: The use of context by the psychological parser. In D. Dowty, L. Karttunen, A. Zwicky (Eds.), Natural language parsing: Psychological, computational, and theoretical perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Daneman, M., & Carpenter, P. A. (1980). Individual differences in working memory and reading. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behaviour, 19, 450–466. CrossRef
Forster, K. I., & Forster, J. C. (2003). DMDX: A Windows display program with millisecond accuracy. Behavior Research Methods Instruments and Computers, 35(1), 116–124. CrossRef
Frazier, L. (1987). Sentence processing: A tutorial review. Attention and Performance XII (pp. 559–585). Hillsdale, NJ: MIT Press.
Frith, U. (1989). Autism: Explaining the enigma. Oxford: Blackwell.
Gathercole, S. E., & Baddeley, A. D. (1996). The children’s test of non-word repetition. Hove: The Psychology Press.
Gathercole, S. E., & Pickering, S. (2001). Working memory test battery for children (WMTB- C). Harcourt Assessment.
Happé, F. (1997). Central coherence and theory of mind in autism: Reading homographs in context. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 15, 1–12. CrossRef
Jollife, T., & Baron-Cohen, S. (1999). A test of central coherence: Linguistic processing in high-functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrom: is local coherence impaired? Cognition, 71, 149–185. CrossRef
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). the autism diagnostic observation schedule, generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. PubMedCrossRef
Loucas, T., Riches, N. G., Baird, G., Pickles, A., Simonoff, E., Chandler, S., & Charman, T. (2011). Spoken word recognition in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders and specific language impairment. Applied Psycholinguistics, 1(1), 1–22.
Lum, J. A. G., & Bavin, E. L. (2007). Analysis and control in children with SLI. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 50(6), 1618–1630. CrossRef
Milne, E., Swettenham, J., Hansen, P., Campbell, R., Jeffries, H., & Plaisted, K. (2002). High motion coherence thresholds in children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 43(2), 255–263. CrossRef
Mottron, L., Burack, J. A., Stauder, J. E. A., & Robaey, P. (1999). Perceptual processing among high-functioning persons with autism. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(02), 203–211. CrossRef
Norbury, C. F. (2004). Barking up the wrong tree? Lexical ambiguity resolution in children with language impairments and autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 90, 142–171. CrossRef
Norbury, C. F., & Bishop, D. V. M. (2002). Inferential processing and story recall in children with communication problems: A comparison of specific language impairment, pragmatic language impairment and high-functioning autism. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 37(3), 227–251. PubMedCrossRef
Nuske, H. J., & Bavin, E. L. (2011). Narrative comprehension in 4–7-year-old children with autism: Testing the Weak Central Coherence account. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 46(1), 108–119. doi: 10.3109/13682822.2010.484847.
Riches, N. G., Loucas, T., Baird, G., Charman, T., & Simonoff, E. (2012). Interpretation of compound nouns by adolescents with specific language impairment and autism spectrum disorders: An investigation of phenotypic overlap. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 14(4), 307–317. PubMedCrossRef
Semel, E., Wiig, E. H., & Secord, W. (2000). Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals— Third Edition UK (CELF- 3 UK). Harcourt Assessment.
Wechsler, D. (1992). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children— Third Edition UK (WISC-III UK). San Antonio, TX: Pearson Assessment.
World Health Organisation. (1993). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organisation.
- Elephants in Pyjamas: Testing the Weak Central Coherence Account of Autism Spectrum Disorders Using a Syntactic Disambiguation Task
N. G. Riches
- Springer US