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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2017

24-01-2017 | Original Paper

Electrodermal Variability and Symptom Severity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Rachel M. Fenning, Jason K. Baker, Brian R. Baucom, Stephen A. Erath, Mariann A. Howland, Jacquelyn Moffitt

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2017

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Abstract

Associations between variability in sympathetic nervous system arousal and individual differences in symptom severity were examined for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thirty-four families participated in a laboratory visit that included continuous measurement of electrodermal activity (EDA) during a battery of naturalistic and structured parent–child, child alone, and direct testing tasks. Multiple indices of EDA were considered. Greater variability in EDA was associated with higher levels of ASD symptoms, with findings generally consistent across tasks. Intellectual functioning did not moderate the relation between EDA and ASD symptoms. Sympathetic arousal tendencies may represent an important individual difference factor for this population. Future directions and conceptualizations of EDA are discussed.

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Voetnoten
1
Data cleaning procedures included visual inspection of NSCRs as well as implementation of procedures to detect extreme scores. The wrist sensors did not tend to indicate very high EDA levels (e.g. >60 us) or positive spikes that occurred more rapidly than physiological processes might induce (e.g. >10–30 us/3 s). Only a single 9 s artifact was observed in the dataset, which involved both high EDA and a rapid rise greater than 10–30 us/3 s. To address the possibility of the sensors momentarily losing connection and mimicking an NSCR upon re-establishing contact, we identified EDA-level decreases of both 1 SD or more and 0.5 SD (based on a particular child’s mean EDA) over the course of 3 s. Both types of decreases were infrequent, and corrected data that excluded NSCRs preceded by an identified drop were virtually identical to the original data. For example, a near perfect correlation was observed between uncorrected and corrected NSCR scores during the SB5, the longest sampling period, r = .999).
 
2
Additional HLM analyses were performed to control for mean-level movement data in examining the association between EDA and ASD symptom severity. The pattern and significance of findings for EDA variability and for NSCRs in relation to the ADOS-2 comparison score remained unchanged. Given sample size considerations, the uncontrolled models are presented.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Electrodermal Variability and Symptom Severity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Rachel M. Fenning
Jason K. Baker
Brian R. Baucom
Stephen A. Erath
Mariann A. Howland
Jacquelyn Moffitt
Publicatiedatum
24-01-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-3021-0