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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 6/2022

15-01-2022

Electrodermal Activity Moderates Sleep-Behavior Associations in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Hillary K. Schiltz, Rachel M. Fenning, Stephen A. Erath, Brian R. W. Baucom, Jason K. Baker

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 6/2022

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Abstract

Relative to children without autism spectrum disorder (ASD), children with ASD experience elevated sleep problems that can contribute to behavioral comorbidities. This study explored the interaction between psychophysiology and sleep to determine which children with ASD may be at risk for, or resilient to, effects of poor sleep on daytime behavior. Participants included 48 children (aged 6–10 years) with ASD. Measures of sympathetic nervous system activity (electrodermal activity; EDA) were collected during a baseline and in response to a laboratory challenge task. Parents reported on their children’s sleep problems and behavioral functioning, including broad externalizing symptoms and situational noncompliance, using standardized questionnaires and a clinical interview. EDA moderated the significant positive associations between sleep problems and both behavioral outcomes. The link between sleep problems and broad externalizing symptoms and situational noncompliance was positive and significant in the context of lower baseline EDA and nonsignificant in the context of higher baseline EDA. Sleep problems also interacted with EDA reactivity in predicting situational noncompliance, but not broad externalizing symptoms. Findings highlight the complex interplay among sleep, daytime behavior, and psychophysiology in children with ASD. Results are interpreted in the context of differential susceptibility and dual-risk frameworks. This study underscores the importance of high-quality sleep for children with ASD, especially those with the biological sensitivity or vulnerability factors (i.e., EDA) identified in this study. Clinical implications are discussed, and directions for future research are provided.
Voetnoten
1
The pattern and significance of results did not differ with and without item 8.
 
2
Analyses were also performed with the original unwinsorized NSCRs data. The pattern of results and significance remained identical to the findings presented here.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Electrodermal Activity Moderates Sleep-Behavior Associations in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Hillary K. Schiltz
Rachel M. Fenning
Stephen A. Erath
Brian R. W. Baucom
Jason K. Baker
Publicatiedatum
15-01-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 6/2022
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-022-00900-w

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