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Brief self-management interventions to engender successful weight maintenance are seldom tested in obese and overweight populations without diabetes. To test the efficacy of the intervention, aimed at improving proactive coping, in obese and overweight adults at risk for diabetes. Participants (N = 255) were randomly assigned to two experimental groups (N = 185) and a control group (N = 70). Experimental groups received the same intervention in week 1–8 (initial phase) and booster sessions with different content (“standard” vs. “relapse prevention”) during week 9–24 (continuance phase). Primary outcomes were proactive coping, diet and Body Mass Index (BMI) at four time points (1 year between first and last measurement). Experimental groups improved in proactive coping during the initial phase and BMI during the continuance phase, whereas the control group did not. No differences emerged in diet. Brief self-management interventions can play a preventive role in chronic illnesses associated with obesity.
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- Efficacy of a self-management intervention for weight control in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial
Charlotte D. W. Vinkers
Marieke A. Adriaanse
Floor M. Kroese
Denise T. D. de Ridder
- Springer US