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01-02-2012 | Uitgave 2/2012

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2012

Effects of the KiVa Anti-bullying Program on Adolescents’ Depression, Anxiety, and Perception of Peers

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 2/2012
Auteurs:
Anne Williford, Aaron Boulton, Brian Noland, Todd D. Little, Antti Kärnä, Christina Salmivalli
Belangrijke opmerkingen
This project was supported by the Ministry of Education, Finland.
Parts of this work are based on the dissertation at the University of Kansas of the third author. The production of this manuscript was supported by the Center for Research Methods and Data Analysis at the University of Kansas.
An erratum to this article can be found at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-011-9562-y.

Abstract

The present study investigated the effects of the KiVa antibullying program on students’ anxiety, depression, and perception of peers in Grades 4–6. Furthermore, it was investigated whether reductions in peer-reported victimization predicted changes in these outcome variables. The study participants included 7,741 students from 78 schools who were randomly assigned to either intervention or control condition, and the program effects were tested with structural equation modeling. A cross-lagged panel model suggested that the KiVa program is effective for reducing students’ internalizing problems and improving their peer-group perceptions. Finally, changes in anxiety, depression, and positive peer perceptions were found to be predicted by reductions in victimization. Implications of the findings and future directions for research are discussed.

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