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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2008

01-08-2008 | Original Article

Effects of Rumination and Initial Severity on Remission to Cognitive Therapy for Depression

Auteurs: Neil P. Jones, Greg J. Siegle, Michael E. Thase

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 4/2008

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Abstract

Trait rumination, a tendency to focus on depressive symptoms and negative information, is associated with longer and more severe episodes of depression. This study examined whether trait rumination was also associated with initial remission from unipolar depression in Cognitive Therapy, which we hypothesized would target this coping style. Eighty one patients completed measures of depressive severity and rumination before and after 16–20 sessions of procedurally determined Cognitive Therapy. Pre-treatment rumination and severity were generally associated with later initial remission and lower odds of achieving remission. Limited evidence also suggested that for the most severe patients, rumination was associated with earlier initial remission and greater odds of achieving initial remission. Cognitive Therapy was associated with significant reductions in both rumination and severity. Results suggest that (1) pre-treatment assessment of rumination and severity could help to plan treatment course and (2) Cognitive Therapy is associated with changes in cognitive coping styles.
Voetnoten
1
Patients who did not complete the full protocol were compared in terms of baseline demographic variables, initial rumination, initial severity scores (Beck Depression Inventory; (Beck et al. 1961) total number of episodes, and duration of current episode. No significant differences were found for gender, initial severity, pre-treatment rumination, total number of episodes, and duration of current episode. Patients who complete the full protocol were significantly older (M = 44.7, SD = 11.8), than did the 32 patients who did not complete the full protocol (M = 36.3, SD = 11.6), t(118) = −3.46, p < .0008.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Effects of Rumination and Initial Severity on Remission to Cognitive Therapy for Depression
Auteurs
Neil P. Jones
Greg J. Siegle
Michael E. Thase
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 4/2008
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-008-9191-0