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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 8/2020

05-03-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Self-compassion in Health Care Professionals: a Meta-analysis

Auteurs: Rachel S. Wasson, Clare Barratt, William H. O’Brien

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2020

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Abstract

Objectives

Health care professionals have elevated rates of burnout and compassion fatigue which are correlated with poorer quality of life and patient care, and inversely correlated with self-compassion. Primary studies have evaluated the extent to which mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion with contradictory findings. A meta-analytic review of the literature was conducted to quantitatively synthesize the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on self-compassion among health care professionals.

Methods

Twenty-eight treatment outcome studies were identified eligible for inclusion. Five cumulative effect sizes were calculated using random-effects models to evaluate differences of changes in self-compassion for treatment and control groups. Within and between group comparisons were evaluated. Sub-group and moderator analyses were conducted to explore potential moderating variables.

Results

Twenty-seven articles (k = 29, N = 1020) were utilized in the pre-post-treatment meta-analysis. Fifteen samples (52%) included health care professionals and fourteen (48%) professional health care students. Results showed a moderate effect size between pre-post-treatment comparisons (g = .61, 95% CI = .47 to .76) for self-compassion and a strong effect size for pre-treatment to follow-up (g = .76, 95% CI = .41 to 1.12). The effect size comparing post-treatment versus post-control was moderate. One exploratory moderator analysis was significant, with stronger effects for interventions with a retreat component.

Conclusions

Findings suggest mindfulness-based interventions improve self-compassion in health care professionals. Additionally, a variety of mindfulness-based programs may be useful for employees and trainees. Future studies with rigorous methodology evaluating effects on self-compassion and patient care from mindfulness-based interventions are warranted to extend findings and explore moderators.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Self-compassion in Health Care Professionals: a Meta-analysis
Auteurs
Rachel S. Wasson
Clare Barratt
William H. O’Brien
Publicatiedatum
05-03-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2020
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01342-5