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04-06-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 10/2019

Mindfulness 10/2019

Effects of Internet Training in Mindfulness Meditation on Variables Related to Cancer Recovery

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 10/2019
Auteurs:
David Messer, John J. Horan, Linda K. Larkey, Caroline E. Shanholtz
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Abstract

Objectives

Once cancer patients complete treatment, experiences with stress-related sequelae that impede recovery often persist. This study examined whether Internet-delivered mindfulness treatment alleviated symptoms associated with this stress.

Methods

Cancer survivors were randomly assigned to either 6-week Internet-delivered mindfulness training or a usual care control and were compared on the following outcome battery: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Profile of Mood States, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Fatigue Symptom Inventory. Assessments were conducted before and after treatment and intervention compliance was monitored. Mindfulness treatments were delivered at a time and on a computer of the participants’ choosing.

Results

Multivariate and univariate follow-up analyses indicated that mindfulness training produced significant benefits on all measures. Effect sizes were all medium to large as well.

Conclusions

Online mindfulness instruction represents a widely accessible intervention for reducing psychological distress and its behavioral manifestations in cancer survivors, especially those who are unable to participate in in-person training.

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