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08-01-2018 | Original Article | Uitgave 2/2018 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 2/2018

Effects of hyperaemia on left ventricular longitudinal strain in patients with suspected coronary artery disease

A first-pass stress perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging study

Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 2/2018
P. Garg, R. Aziz, T. Al Musa, D. P. Ripley, P. Haaf, J. R. J. Foley, P. P. Swoboda, G. J. Fent, L. E. Dobson, J. P. Greenwood, S. Plein
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12471-017-1071-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



Myocardial perfusion imaging during hyperaemic stress is commonly used to detect coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS), strain rate (GLSR), myocardial early (E’) and late diastolic velocities (A’) with adenosine stress first-pass perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging.

Methods and results

44 patients met the inclusion criteria and underwent CMR imaging. The CMR imaging protocol included: rest/stress horizontal long-axis (HLA) cine, rest/stress first-pass adenosine perfusion and late gadolinium enhancement imaging. Rest and stress HLA cine CMR images were analysed using feature-tracking software for the assessment of myocardial deformation. The presence of perfusion defects was scored on a binomial scale. In patients with hyperaemia-induced perfusion defects, rest global longitudinal strain GLS (−16.9 ± 3.7 vs. −19.6 ± 3.4; p-value = 0.02), E’ (−86 ± 22 vs. −109 ± 38; p-value = 0.02), GLSR (69 ± 31 vs. 93 ± 38; p-value = 0.01) and stress GLS (−16.5 ± 4 vs. −21 ± 3.1; p < 0.001) were significantly reduced when compared with patients with no perfusion defects. Stress GLS was the strongest independent predictor of perfusion defects (odds ratio 1.43 95% confidence interval 1.14–1.78, p-value <0.001). A threshold of −19.8% for stress GLS demonstrated 78% sensitivity and 73% specificity for the presence of hyperaemia-induced perfusion defects.


At peak myocardial hyperaemic stress, GLS is reduced in the presence of a perfusion defect in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. This reduction is most likely caused by reduced endocardial blood flow at maximal hyperaemia because of transmural redistribution of blood flow in the presence of significant coronary stenosis.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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