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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2021

17-11-2020 | Original Paper

Effects of Emotional Music on Facial Emotion Recognition in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Auteurs: Gary L. Wagener, Madeleine Berning, Andreia P. Costa, Georges Steffgen, André Melzer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2021

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Abstract

Impaired facial emotion recognition in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is in contrast to their intact emotional music recognition. This study tested whether emotion congruent music enhances facial emotion recognition. Accuracy and reaction times were assessed for 19 children with ASD and 31 controls in a recognition task with angry, happy, or sad faces. Stimuli were shown with either emotionally congruent or incongruent music or no music. Although children with ASD had higher reaction times than controls, accuracy only differed when incongruent or no music was played, indicating that congruent emotional music can boost facial emotion recognition in children with ASD. Emotion congruent music may support emotion recognition in children with ASD, and thus may improve their social skills.

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Voetnoten
1
The ASD diagnoses were coded using DSM-IV criteria. So, the children had also been diagnosed with different subtypes of ASD, like Asperger’s syndrome. Therefore, in the results section, in addition to results on the ASD group, analyses on differences between the different subtypes are provided as additional information and indicator for future studies.
 
2
Excluding this participant from analyses did not change any results.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., Text Revision). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., Text Revision). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S. (1995). Learning, development, and conceptual change. Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. CrossRef Baron-Cohen, S. (1995). Learning, development, and conceptual change. Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Effects of Emotional Music on Facial Emotion Recognition in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Auteurs
Gary L. Wagener
Madeleine Berning
Andreia P. Costa
Georges Steffgen
André Melzer
Publicatiedatum
17-11-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04781-0