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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 6/2011

01-12-2011 | Original Article

Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Auteurs: Min Sung, Yoon Phaik Ooi, Tze Jui Goh, Pavarthy Pathy, Daniel S. S. Fung, Rebecca P. Ang, Alina Chua, Chee Meng Lam

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 6/2011

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Abstract

We compared the effects of a 16-week Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) program and a Social Recreational (SR) program on anxiety in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Seventy children (9–16 years old) were randomly assigned to either of the programs (n CBT = 36; n SR = 34). Measures on child’s anxiety using the Spence Child Anxiety Scale—Child (SCAS-C) and the Clinical Global Impression—Severity scale (CGI-S) were administered at pre-, post-treatment, and follow-ups (3- and 6-month). Children in both programs showed significantly lower levels of generalized anxiety and total anxiety symptoms at 6-month follow-up on SCAS-C. Clinician ratings on the CGI-S demonstrated an increase in the percentage of participants rated as “Normal” and “Borderline” for both programs. Findings from the present study suggest factors such as regular sessions in a structured setting, consistent therapists, social exposure and the use of autism-friendly strategies are important components of an effective framework in the management of anxiety in children and adolescents with ASD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Auteurs
Min Sung
Yoon Phaik Ooi
Tze Jui Goh
Pavarthy Pathy
Daniel S. S. Fung
Rebecca P. Ang
Alina Chua
Chee Meng Lam
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 6/2011
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-011-0238-1

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